Download MIT and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Science (Studies in by Henry Etzkowitz PDF

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By Henry Etzkowitz

MIT and the increase of Entrepreneurial technology is a well timed and authoritative booklet that analyses the transformation of the university's position in society as an improved one related to fiscal and social improvement in addition to educating and examine. The Massachusetts Institute of know-how invented the structure for university-industry kin that has been copied in every single place the USA and latterly the remainder of the realm. this glorious e-book indicates that the ground-breaking university-industry-government interactions became one of many foundations of recent profitable economies.

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Read or Download MIT and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Science (Studies in Global Competition, V. 12.) PDF

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6 The latter two groups engaged in three types of consultation: advice without use of MIT facilities or absence from the Institute; research at the client’s site; and research at the Institute involving the use of its equipment, facilities and space. It was not unusual for a faculty member to hire an assistant in his department’s lab to carry out work for firms. Although some faculty kept accounts and regularly made payments for their use of Institute facilities and equipment in their consulting practices a perception arose that Institute resources were sometimes being misused.

The report proposed to reduce, if not eliminate, consultation by lessening the financial need for faculty to seek outside work. On the one hand, the author believed that if salaries were raised the practice would decline. On the other hand he proposed to “tax” the income from consultation in those cases where a professor was either called off campus or was using Institute facilities. It was also proposed to institute charges for use of laboratory space, especially when assistants were employed.

Controversies over the appropriate role of the university in relation to industry, and the compromises negotiated to resolve these disputes, defined practices that could be accepted by both proponents and opponents of technology transfer. The resolution of a series of such conflicts at MIT, in the early twentieth century, first over consulting and then over the patenting of research and firm formation, created a regulatory framework for university–industry relations. Although the limits of academic involvement in technology transfer are still an issue and new conflicts periodically reappear, the issue of whether or not academia should interact with industry was resolved in these early disputes.

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