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Extra resources for Methods of Thought: Individual Differences in Reasoning Strategies (Current Issues in Thinking and Reasoning)
1–21). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Evans, J. St. B. , & Handley, S. J. (1999). The role of negation in conditional inference. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Experimental Psychology, 52A, 739–769. Evans, J. St. B. , & Over, D. E. (1996). Rationality in the selection task: Epistemic utility versus uncertainty reduction. Psychological Review, 103, 356–363. Evans, J. St. B. , Handley, S. , Harper, C. N. N. (1999). Reasoning 1. STRATEGIC ASPECTS OF HUMAN COGNITION 27 about necessity and possibility: A test of the mental model theory of deduction.
Analogies enable solution by mapping meaningful links between one already in memory (source) and the new problem (target). As an illustration, we recount the results for a 10-year-old girl enrolled in a gifted program. , thogs, merds), she produced the correct responses, which is surprising given that few adults do so. When we asked her to explain her reasoning, she said that the question was like a chemistry experiment she had recently completed in her class. She outlined the procedure – including allusions to conﬁrming and disconﬁrming evidence – and explained how each ‘card’ in the Wason task was like one of these options.
Newstead & J. St. B. T. ), Perspectives on thinking and reasoning (pp. 142–172). Hove, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Ltd. Evans, J. St. B. T. (1996). Deciding before you think: Relevance and reasoning in the selection task. British Journal of Psychology, 87, 223–240. Evans, J. St. B. T. (2000). What could and could not be a strategy. In W. Schaeken, G. De Vooght, A. Vandierendonck, & G. ), Deductive reasoning and strategies (pp. 1–21). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Evans, J. St.