By Erich Fromm
In publishing Marx’s notion of guy in 1961, Erich Fromm offered to the English-speaking global for the 1st time Karl Marx’s then lately stumbled on fiscal and Philosophical Manuscripts. together with the Manuscripts and plenty of different philosophical writings through Marx in addition to Fromm’s personal prolonged reaction, lots of those writings have given that turn into known as very important works of their personal correct. Fromm stresses Marx’s humanist philosophy and demanding situations either modern Western lack of knowledge of Marx and Soviet corruptions of his paintings. Fromm’s research of Marx’s paintings and his dissemination of those missed writings by way of Marx himself essentially altered the present discourse approximately Marxism, revolutionising modern idea and delivering a formative impact for the improvement of the hot Left.
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Extra info for Marx's Concept of Man
P. 152. 11 Cf. Goethe's conversation with Eckermann, January 29, 1826. 12 Goethe, conversation with Eckermann on January 29, 1826. ] 13 Quoted by K. Lowith, Von Hegel zu Nietzsche, W. Kohlhammer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1941, p. 24. ] 14 Cf. the detailed description of the productive character orientation in E. Fromm, Man for Himself, Rinehart & Co. New York, 1947. 15 Cf. H. , Basel, p. 119. P. , p. 168. P. , pp. 126-7. P. , p. 134. P. , p. 134. P. , p. 133. 21 MEGA, Vol. Ill, p. 191. P. , p. 132. This last statement is one which is almost literally the same as has been made in Zen Buddhist thinking, as well as by Goethe.
The wealthy man is at the same time one who needs a complex of human manifestations of life, and whose own self-realization exists as an inner necessity, a need. Not only the wealth but also the poverty of man acquires, in a socialist perspective, a human and thus a social meaning. Poverty is the passive bond which leads man to experience a need for the greatest wealth, the other person. " 27 "Just as society at its beginnings finds, through the development of private property with its wealth and poverty (both intellectual and material), the materials necessary for this cultural development, so the fully constituted society produces man in all the plenitude of his being, the wealthy man endowed with all the senses, as an enduring reality.
This, Marx expresses very clearly in the following: "An enforced increase in wages (disregarding the other difficulties, and especially that such an anomaly could only be maintained by force) would be nothing more than a better remuneration of slaves, and would not restore, either to the worker or to the work, their human significance and worth. "Even the equality of incomes which Proudhon demands would only change the relation of the present-day worker to his work into a relation of all men to work.