By Henning Bergenholtz, Sven Tarp
From 1990–1994 the Danish learn Council for the arts granted a learn venture entitled “translation of LSP texts”, which used to be at the start cut up up into 5 part-projects, one among which has been excited by LSP lexicography.
The guide of specialized Lexicography is without doubt one of the result of the study undertaken by means of this undertaking. the first goal of the handbook is to give a contribution in the direction of a better foundation for functional specialized lexicography, which has thus far had yet a small percentage within the explosive improvement that has taken position in general-language lexicography because the early Seventies. One implication of this is often that in basic terms to a constrained volume has it been attainable to construct upon current findings.
The guide hence has the twofold goal of delivering advice and course to authors of specialized dictionaries in addition to contributing in the direction of the additional improvement of lexicographical theories.
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Additional info for Manual of Specialised Lexicography: The preparation of specialised dictionaries
Are used to indicate whether an element must or just may be present in the place assigned to it, and whether it may occur several consecutive times; + (plus) after the name of an element is an indication that the element must occur one or several times, an * (asterisk) that it may be absent or occur one or several times, a ? (question mark) that it may be absent or occur exactly once; unmarked elements must occur exactly once. Thus, the first rule may be read as "an article consists of a lemma fol lowed by one or more senses".
If redundancy is to be minimised, they should thus be identifiers only, for instance an unambiguous number for each record, with no other function beyond that. Relationships may then be represented by means of separate tables, the records of which are pairs of iden tification fields (record numbers) referring to separate tables. g. IS A, PART OF etc. 4. Finally, it is a traditional requirement that the individual records of a table should have the same length, and that the length of the individual fields be the same in each record (fixed record length / fixed field length).
40 MANUAL OF SPECIALISED LEXICOGRAPHY If the list in rule (4) is extended to include all field-label abbreviations in the dictionary, these five rules, which are based on one single article, will describe the structure of a considerable number of verbal and adjectival articles in the dictionary. A more adequate set of rules may be inferred by incorporating one more article: ƒ 1. plade, skive 2. FOT, GRAF plade 3. EL (til akkumulator) plade 4. HUS plade, bordplade The possibility of including information on gender after the lemma implies a change of the first rule: (1') → article lemma gender?