By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Extra info for Managing Decentralisation: A New Role for Labour Market Policy (Local Economic and Employment Development)
2. DECENTRALISATION: WHAT DIFFERENCE DOES IT MAKE? A SYNTHESIS mechanisms. In Canada, for example, in which five regions enjoy seemingly complete devolution of labour market policy, the federal government continues to bear responsibility for financing active market policies. This is because the funding comes from the federal employment insurance fund, which prompts the government to administer programmes that benefit young people, women and native populations. ● Lastly, an entire category of employment and labour policies is based on equal rights for all.
Campbell, 2001). The main contribution of these regional partnerships has been to widen the scope of traditional partners in employment policy. While in Austria these have essentially been limited to the social partners, local authorities joined in as well, beginning with those of the Länder, along with associations representing target groups such as women and the disabled, NGOs such as Caritas and even unemployed persons’ movements. A second positive effect has been to strengthen the capacities of PES agencies (AMS) and local development agencies (OAR) (see Chapter 21 by Förschner).
There, the public employment service is heavily decentralised at the regional level (OECD, 2001a). This decentralisation is accompanied by a high degree of tripartism, since at this same regional level there are Regional Labour Market Councils (RARs) administered by the regional level of the public employment service, bringing together the social partners, the counties and the relevant State administrations. Such decentralisation makes it possible to tailor Danish labour market policy as closely as possible to the constraints and opportunities of each agent.