By Arnold R. Hirsch
"In this wonderful, complex, and meticulously researched research, Hirsch exposes the social engineering of the post-war ghetto."—Roma Barnes, Journal of yankee Studies
"According to Arnold Hirsch, Chicago's postwar housing initiatives have been a titanic workout in ethical deception. . . . [An] very good examine of public coverage long gone astray."—Ron Grossman, Chicago Tribune
"An informative and provocative account of severe facets of the method in [Chicago]. . . . an outstanding and priceless book."—Zane Miller, Reviews in American History
"A worthwhile and significant book."—Allan Spear, Journal of yankee History
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Additional info for Making the Second Ghetto: Race and Housing in Chicago 1940-1960
It was at this point that the real estate speculator entered the neighborhood. 69 The speculator filled the vacuum created by the reluctant lending agencies and realtors. Whites in transition areas sold their properties to them for several reasons. First, the white seller often did not want to deal directly with blacks or thought he could "save face" in the community by selling to another white. Second, and probably more important, the speculators had more cash to offer than did the typical black buyer.
Overcrowding, for example, was already a serious Black Belt problem. 8% of the black families examined met that standard. "Kitchenette" apartments proliferated as real estate speculators and absentee landlords exploited the situation by cutting up large apartments into numerous small ones. These units frequently lacked plumbing and often a solitary bathroom served all the families on a floor. A Chicago Urban League investigation of the Armour Square neighborhood found many homes lacking the most "ordinary conveniences," such as water and toilets, and the widespread use of kerosene lamps.
The 1960s fires, which illuminated the past as well as the present (and thus facilitated the use of hindsight), should not be permitted to obscure the fact that paths other than the one eventually taken were available. Moreover, by stressing the role to be played by government intervention in urban affairs, Weaver pinpointed the qualitative distinction that separated the second ghetto from the first. The most distinguishing feature of post-World War II ghetto expansion is that it was carried out with government sanction and support.