Download Language Contact and Grammatical Change (Cambridge by Bernd Heine PDF

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By Bernd Heine

The phenomenon of language touch, and the way it impacts the constitution of languages, has been of significant curiosity to linguists in recent times. This pioneering new research seems to be at how grammatical varieties and buildings evolve while audio system of 2 languages come into touch, and gives perception into the mechanism that induces humans to move grammatical buildings from one language to a different. The publication might be of serious curiosity to all operating in grammaticalization, language touch, and language swap.

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Extra info for Language Contact and Grammatical Change (Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact)

Sample text

In the case of imposition, speakers of a primary code insert (or “carry over”) copies of their own code into their variety of a dominant code. (Johanson 2000: 166) Broadly speaking, this distinction corresponds to what we will refer to as L2>L1-replication vs. L1>L2-replication. Important as this discrimination is for describing transfer patterns (or code copying), we have not found any noteworthy evidence to the effect that it affects the way grammatical use patterns and categories are replicated (but see Thomason & Kaufman 1988 for an alternative view).

Phonological accretion, instead of the expected phonological reduction. ). At a closer look, it turns out that in many of these cases the phonological accretion is a characteristic of a transitional period only, which occurs when one structure (the already existing structure of the replica language) is replaced by another (the new structure replicated from the model language). After this transitional period, the process of erosion sets in along with the other three processes we discussed above as parameters of grammaticalization.

In fact, work on language contact during the last decades has demonstrated in great detail how important social factors are in shaping language change (see especially Thomason & Kaufman 1988; Winford 2003). In this tradition, Johanson (2002a: 43–8) discusses two main parameters influencing what he calls copying, namely social dominance (or pressure) and relative attractiveness of linguistic structures. Each of these may independently lead to contact-induced change, but the two may as well be jointly present.

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