By Isabel Vanslembrouck
This booklet maps issues of universal knowing and cooperation within the interpretation of landscapes. those interfaces seem among cultures, among normal and human sciences, lay humans and specialists, time and area, upkeep and use, ecology and semiosis. The publication compares how diverse cultures interpret landscapes, examines how cultural values are assessed, explores new instruments for evaluation, lines the dialogue approximately panorama authenticity, and eventually attracts views for additional study.
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Additional resources for Landscape Amenities: Economic Assessment of Agricultural Landscapes (Landscape Series, Vol. 2)
Given fixed market prices, PX and PY, this measure of WTP will be identical for all consumers. The expressions involving marginal products refer to the reduction in production of Y that would result from transferring resources into the production of an extra unit of X. In other words, it is the social opportunity cost of X in terms of Y X Y. Efficiency requires that the individual WTP for X in units of Y is equal to the opportunity cost of X in units of Y. 1. 1. As the consumption of Z is non-divisible, the social willingness to pay for one unit of Z is the sum over all consumers of each person's WTP, rather than being equal to 16 6 17 7 see also annex 1 the concept "willingness to pay" will be addressed in more detail in chapter 2 MULTIFUNCTIONALITY IN A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK K 19 one person's WTP.
Many of the point and line elements of the landscape can be provided or maintained independently of food and fibre production. This applies to agricultural structures, such as stone walls, but also to the historical monuments and other cultural heritage features. On the other hand, the large-area elements of agricultural landscapes are usually dominated by and closely linked to food and fibre production. This joint production aspect and the supply of these elements are the subject of part III. 2.
Single subject approaches fail to incorporate this context, and, moreover, fail to consider how promoting one countryside interest will interact with others. It is therefore important to examine relationships between landscape configurations that meet environmental goals and human perception of landscape. To attain a deeper understanding of the way (multifunctional) landscapes operate, we need to understand the nature of the interactions between different countryside interests. 2. 1. Joint product from agricultural production Agricultural activity is central to all the components mentioned above, and they may be joint, complementary or competing in production, depending on the nature of the agricultural activity.