By Philip Kivell
Within the speedily altering sphere of city improvement, land is proven to supply the elemental morphological constitution of the town, but in addition the resource of financial and social energy and the most important to making plans via examples from around the globe
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Extra info for Land and the City: Patterns and Processes of Urban Change
Attempts to refine the definition have included the imposition of a population size threshold (Best 1981; Guerin and Mouillart 1983), consideration of continuous developed areas covered by buildings and urban structures (DoE 1978), the use of a residual urban definition from agricultural surveys (Best and Anderson 1984; Deane 1986) and attempts to generalise urban/rural boundaries by statistical techniques (Ward 1983). Nature of urban land The particular nature of urban land poses difficulties at two levels, conceptual and practical.
They may desire a fairly central location (although suburban qualities are increasingly preferred), but they cannot derive sufficient utility or profit to outbid commerce and industry. In effect, they become a residual use, consigned to the lowest levels of the bid-rent curve with locations furthest from the centre. 1. 1, and if the diagram is rotated about its vertical axis at the city centre, a broadly concentric zonation of land use is achieved. The overriding fact from this is that land use is seen to determine land value.
Even in the relatively unfettered market conditions of the USA, this process operates, and there is also a right of ‘eminent domain’ whereby the federal or state government may acquire land compulsorily. A higher level of public intervention in land ownership occurs in those countries where government or municipal bodies are heavily involved in the land development process. In Britain, public ownership of development land was an intrinsic part of the 1947 Town and Country Planning Act. It did not remain on the statute books, however, and two subsequent attempts to institute it were also repealed, the most recent being the Community Land Act of 1975, which was repealed in 1980.