By John Philip Jones
The Gallipoli crusade used to be introduced in April 1915 so that it will knock Turkey out of the battle however the strength that used to be deployed used to be too small to accomplish its goal. in addition, the commander, normal Sir Ian Hamilton was once at fault within the manner he carried out his crusade. by no means happier than while he was once within the thick of motion, Hamilton used to be a superb tactician yet, by way of 1915, and in a state of affairs like Gallipoli, his form of management was once outmoded. This booklet examines why Hamilton failed at Gallipoli and indicates how, inspite of that failure and it being his final command, he grew to become a well-respected army prophet who many a number of perceptive predictions concerning the way forward for conflict.
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Additional info for JOHNNY: THE LEGEND AND TRAGEDY OF GENERAL SIR IAN HAMILTON
In Gallipoli, the terrain – the high ground dominated by the enemy that Hamilton required his Army to attack – soon produced a situation that became virtually suicidal for assaulting troops. ) The British and the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) assaults had to be made uphill, in plain view of the enemy. This was much less true of France and Flanders, even in the notorious Ypres salient, where the surrounding hills are modest bumps. But there was a different complication in France and Flanders: the vast size of the armies relative to the limited area of the territory in which they operated made manoeuvre virtually impossible.
This would have allowed transports to sail from the Western powers to Russia, which was painfully short of military equipment and supplies. Map 6 The Gallipoli Peninsula. This map shows the dramatically difficult mountainous terrain. Map 7 The Gallipoli Peninsula, 1915. This map shows the British and ANZAC landing places, and the final limit of the advance. Despite the most desperate heroism, the British and ANZAC troops did not manage to advance more than four miles from the coast. Foreword by General Sir Roger Wheeler GCB CBE Chief of the General Staff and professional head of the British Army, 1997 – 2000 As John Philip Jones remarks at the very beginning of this book, success in war results from leaders accepting onerous responsibilities and making the right decisions, from which they gain great admiration, particularly for displaying moral fibre and forceful leadership.
Because of the geography of the place that the Army was to attack, Hamilton was forced to be distant from it, with his headquarters isolated on an island forty miles away. He was therefore unable, at least at first, to live among his troops and make the personal contribution that he was accustomed to do. His problems were compounded by the fact that, since everything was mounted at such short notice, planning for the expedition was of necessity an improvised affair. The numbers of assaulting troops were shown in retrospect to have been inadequate.