Download Identity and Turkish Foreign Policy: The Kemalist Influence by Umut Uzer PDF

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By Umut Uzer

Turkey's overseas coverage is generally represented as primarily peaceable, utilizing international relations and multilateralism within the answer of its conflicts with different states. the following, Umut Uzer bargains an important corrective to this average research through revealing the Kemalist effect in Turkey's nation ideology. This outlined the id of the kingdom as Turkish, embracing either Turkish and Turkic peoples as "Turks," and leading to tasks in the direction of Turks dwelling past its borders and a extra engaged international coverage that ranged from declarations of help for ethnic kinfolk outdoor Turkey to outright takeover of territory. concentrating on the annexation of Hatay from Syria in 1939, Turkey's involvement in Cyprus culminating in an army operation in 1974 and its coverage towards the Karabagh dispute among Azerbaijan and Armenia within the Nineteen Nineties, id and Turkish overseas coverage is critical for all these attracted to heart East politics and diplomacy in addition to Turkey extra particularly.

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Additional resources for Identity and Turkish Foreign Policy: The Kemalist Influence in Cyprus and the Caucasus (Library of International Relations)

Example text

In fact, nationalism gives meaning to pre-existing cultural entities and as an ideology (nationalism) motivates the people (nation). Despite the arguments about the novelty of nationalism, one needs to admit the existence of some form of national consciousness among many peoples. For instance, such a feeling existed among Germans and French as early as the twelfth century. 66 So, in that vein, he disagrees with nationalists who propagate the idea that nations have existed since time immemorial.

4 Smith offers two models of nationalism. The Western or civic model deals with a group of people whose ideology and culture resides within a piece of territory constituting a political-legal entity. Belonging to a nation is a voluntary decision on the part of the individuals and it is the citizenship that determines the nationality. The non-Western or ethnic model of the nation, on the other hand, places utmost emphasis on common ancestry and blood, so to speak. Generally speaking, in 37 IDENTITY AND TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY eastern Europe and the Middle East, ethnic nationalism has been the more prevalent form of the phenomenon.

70 Similarly, we can talk about Turkish Cypriots as a national minority71 in Cyprus living in a nationalizing state and Turkey as their external national homeland. For Greek Cypriots, Greece is the external national homeland and Cyprus is their nationalizing state, in which they constitute around 78 per cent of the population. For the Turks residing in Cyprus, Iraq, Syria, the Crimea, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania, Turkey was seen as an entity responsible for their well-being, an external national homeland in Brubaker’s parlance.

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