By Alain Durand-Lasserve, Lauren Royston
Defense of land tenure for the city terrible is speedy changing into one of many significant difficulties for constructing towns in Africa, Asia and Latin the US. in keeping with vast examine this ebook provides and analyses the most conclusions of a comparative learn application on land tenure concerns. in accordance with wide case experiences, it provides a comparative point of view of land tenure at a world point. It seems to be at how recommendations are available and carried out to reply to the calls for and desires of nearly all of city families dwelling in casual settlements, and analyses how city stakeholders, lower than specific social, criminal and monetary constraints, are devising and applying leading edge and versatile responses.''Holding Their Ground'' fills a niche within the present literature on comparative examine on tenure regulations and may be precious to researchers, and pros interested in defining and instigating tenure upgrading guidelines and courses.
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Extra info for Holding Their Ground: Secure Land Tenure for the Urban Poor in Developing Countries
Providing security of tenure Responses to tenure insecurity vary according to local contexts, to the types and diversity of irregular settlements, to governments’ political orientations, and to pressures from civil society in general and from the communities concerned in particular. There are two main approaches, which differ but are not contradictory. The first emphasizes formal tenure regularization at settlement level. Regularization policies are generally based on the delivery of individual freehold and, more rarely, leasehold titles.
Private property rights are recognized as a basic principle of the economic order but the constitution states that urban property accomplishes its social function only when it attends to the fundamental requirements of ‘city orderliness’ expressed in the master plan. A master plan is an important development and urban expansion instrument affecting municipalities with populations over 20,000. The constitution also approved the right of special urban usucapião (adverse possession), under certain conditions, for those who have occupied private land.
In Brazil, by contrast, the urban question is much more politicized, as poor urban communities organize themselves and lobby for support from local politicians. Progressive intervention policies by municipalities in individual towns and cities have been articulated in a context of greater political space and demands for alternatives (Huchzermeyer, 2002). Decentralizing the registration system In India registration is decentralized to state governments. The revenue department is the only authority vested with powers to undertake registration of transactions, tenure and issue of title deeds.