By Metin Heper
Turkey is either an previous and a brand new kingdom. whereas the Turks were residing in Anatolia for the final millennium, the rustic has passed through broad Westernization because the finish of the 18th century. although, on the subject of Turkey, culture has no longer arrested modernization; really, the conventional has tailored itself to the trendy. The revival of Islam and the emergence of sure ethnic identities throughout the fresh a long time haven't resulted in the reversal of growth within the economic system and democracy. there's a thriving inner most quarter, and the economic system maintains to develop. on the flip of the twenty first century, Turkey is the one Muslim nation with a democratic political approach. even supposing Turkey belongs to either the West and the East, its Western credentials are extra marked. it's a member of the Council of Europe, North Atlantic Treaty association (NATO), and association for financial Cooperation and improvement (OECD), and it truly is shortly accomplishing negotiations with the ecu Union (EU) for accession to that Union as an entire member.
The 3rd version of the Historical Dictionary of Turkey explores the historical past of this interesting nation via a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and 1000's of cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital individuals, areas, occasions, and associations, in addition to on major political, financial, social, and cultural facets
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Turkey
15–16 June: Workers demonstrate in Istanbul and Kocaeli; martial law proclaimed. 22 July: Turkey and European Community sign agreement after Ankara’s completion of the first phase of preparation for future membership. 18 December: Ferruh Bozbeyli and 26 other Justice Party deputies expelled from their party and form Democratic Party. 1971 20 January: Middle East Technical University closed, following student unrest. 3 March: Four American noncommissioned officers are kidnapped and released five days later by urban leftist guerillas.
23 November: Hasan Celal Güzel founds Resurrection Party and becomes its chairman. 19 December: Justice Party convention closes the party and hands over all property and original emblem to TPP. 24 December: Parliament renews mandate for Operation Provide Comfort for protecting the northern Iraqis. 1993 14 January: Turkish armed forces put on red alert following Allied air strikes on Iraq. Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel visits Syria, where he is told that Syria will not back Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) rebels.
31 July: Turkey, Greece, and Britain sign cease-fire accord on Cyprus. 14 August: Turkish forces in Cyprus hit east and west of Nicosia, the capital, and enter Famagusta, as Geneva peace talks fail. S. president Gerald Ford postpones enactment of a bill to cut military aid to Turkey. 1975 6 February: Turkey suspends talks on the implementation of bilateral accords with United States. 13 February: Turkish Federated State of Cyprus proclaimed. 31 March: Six-month-old government crisis ends as Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel announces “nationalist front” government of Justice Party, National Salvation Party, Nationalist Action Party, and Republican Reliance Party.