By Theodore Cheney
While requested via the Paris evaluation what forced him to rewrite the finishing of A Farewell to palms 39 instances, Ernest Hemingway answered, "Getting the phrases right." His resolution echoes what each winning author understands: the key to all sturdy writing is revision.
For greater than two decades, Getting the phrases correct has helped writers from all professions rewrite, revise, and refine their writing. during this new version, writer Theodore Cheney deals 39 exact methods you could enhance your writing, together with how to:
create gentle transitions among paragraphs
correct the invisible faults of inconsistency, incoherence, and imbalance
overcome difficulties of transferring standpoint and style
express your principles sincerely by way of trimming away vulnerable or additional words
You'll advance present items and each destiny paintings by means of making use of the 3 uncomplicated principles—reduce, rearrange, and reword. as soon as the secrets and techniques of revision are yours, you can still stick with Hemingway's lead—and get the phrases correct!
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Additional resources for Getting the Words Right: 39 Ways to Improve Your Writing
Understand the psychology of emphasis 22. Use effective repetition of words, phrases, sounds, and ideas 23. Vary the length of sentences, paragraphs, and chapters 24. Emphasize through careful word choice and positioning 25. Use spaces, pauses, and special typography for extra emphasis 26. Avoid things that kill emphasis SECTION THREE: REWORD 27. Develop and recognize your own special style 28. Select the best word, best phrasing, most effective diction 29. Improve your diction with shorter, more active words 30.
Some professors develop reputations for lectures described by students as beads of digression on strings of irrelevance. If your writing is not to resemble such lectures, you must be forever alert to irrelevance. The common advice to let your first draft ferment for a while in the bottom drawer before revising it is based on the need to get far enough away from the writing to gain (somewhat) the perspective of the reader. After ceremoniously removing the manuscript from the drawer—or calling it up on your computer’s screen—sit back and read it from the beginning; try your best to be critical of the writing (forgetting who wrote it).
That may be stretching tautology too taut, but it does help make the point. There are many tautologous phrases, clauses, and words against which we must wage a war of deletion. I don’t know what to label them: saboteurs, infiltrators, spies, sleepers, or covert agents. These infiltrators fit right into the environment, quiet and unnoticed. One waves them through the gate because they look perfectly familiar—certainly not dangerous. Innocent as they may appear, they can torture style and kill concision.