By Alda Mari, Claire Beyssade, Fabio Del Prete
This publication presents an updated creation to the learn of generics and pursues the firm of the influential standard e-book edited via Gregory Carlson and Jeffry Pelletier, which was once released in 1995. Genericity is a key suggestion within the research of human cognition because it finds our skill to prepare our perceived fact into sessions and to explain regularities. The accepted may be expressed on the point of a notice or word (ie the potato in The Irish economic climate grew to become based upon the potato) or a complete sentence (eg in John smokes a cigar after dinner, the normal point is a estate of the expression, instead of any unmarried observe or word inside of it). This e-book gathers new paintings from senior and younger researchers to re-examine the suggestion of genericity, analyzing the targeted contributions made by means of the determiner word (eg the notions of kind/individual) and the verbal predicate (eg the notions of permanency, disposition, skill, habituality, and plurality). eventually, in reference to the total sentence, the analytic/synthetic contrast is mentioned in addition to the proposal of normality. The ebook will entice either scholars and students in linguistics, philosophy and cognitive technology
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The ILP/SLP] distinction is correlated with the sort of entity the predicate meaningfully applies to. If the predicate speaks of general characteristics, or dispositions, we represent it as applying to a set of objects. If something more fleeting is intended, somehow more temporary, and in some sense less intrinsic to the nature of a given individual, the predicate is represented as denoting a set of stages. This distinction is intended to correspond to the basically atemporal nature of individuals as opposed to their time-bound stages .
Barker (1992) and Schwarzschild (1996) have argued that collective nouns differ from plural nouns in being group-like rather that sum-like: collective nouns like the team must be represented as groups, which are atomic entities with no access to their parts, while nouns like the players correspond to a sum of individuals, whose atomic parts are available for predication. The following examples illustrate this difference between groups and sums. (63) a. The players live in different cities, b. * The team lives in different cities.
The mammal suckles its young. Various observations have been made on the constraints which restrict the use of kind-referring definite singulars, but no systematic study on this issue has been made. Nevertheless, in the last decade, the issue of relationships between concepts and kinds has been investigated by cognitivists such as a. o. Gelman, Prasada, and Leslie. To conclude, there is an observation which has yet to be explained in the framework of the noun ambiguity hypothesis. English mass terms, when they refer to kinds, never occur with a definite determiner (see (62a) and (62b).