By Sylvia Walby, Heidi Gottfried, Karin Gottschall, Mari Osawa (auth.)
Comparing the united kingdom, US, Germany and Japan, this ebook attracts on cutting edge options of sorts of gender regime in addition to sorts of capitalism. the quantity re-thinks the strategies of de-gendering and re-gendering of operating practices within the context of either de-regulation and re-regulation of employment.
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Extra resources for Gendering the Knowledge Economy: Comparative Perspectives
However, one element of comparison, that of variations in the regulation of gendered employment relations, was rarely included as a significant factor. Writers in the GLOW group have made various contributions to include this factor in comparisons of patterns of gender relations, including Gottfried (2000, 2003; Gottfried and O'Reilly 2002), Shire (2000) and Walby (1986, 1994, 2007). The notion of regulation is interpreted in different ways. One is a broad concept of the social institutions in which capitalist production operates as in the definition regulation school of Marxists (Boyer and Durand 1997; Jessop 2002).
Second, globalization has implications for the development of links between feminists in different locations. The development of feminist transnational advocacy networks (Keck and Sikkink 1998), near global feminist strategies and practices (Nelson and Chowdhury 1994), and the strengthening and gender inflecting of a discourse of universal human rights (Peters and Wolper 1995) have further developed opportunities for the institutionalization of gender equality goals in national and transnational polities (Walby 2002b).
The UK has a high and continuing pattern of part-time working, especially concentrated among women. The US has a low and declining pattern of part-time working, which is less concentrated among women. These widely divergent patterns cannot be simply explained by reference to the same single phenomenon, whether the economies are liberal, face global de-regulatory pressures or experience gender inequality. The key to the explanation of the difference, and of the early high rates of part-time working in the UK, is that the UK part-time sector was, historically, selectively non-regulated.