By Taner Akçam
The homicide of multiple million Armenians through the Ottoman Turkish govt in 1915 has been stated as genocide. but nearly a hundred years later, those crimes stay unrecognized by means of the Turkish kingdom. This ebook is the 1st test through a Turk to appreciate the genocide from a perpetrator's, instead of victim's, standpoint, and to contextualize the occasions of 1915 inside Turkey's political background and western neighborhood regulations. Turkey at the present time is in the course of a tumultuous transition. it really is rising from its Ottoman legacy and on its method to acceptance via the west as a typical country country. yet until eventually it confronts its prior and current violations of human rights, it is going to by no means be a very democratic country. This publication explores the resources of the Armenian genocide, how Turks this present day view it, the meanings of Turkish and Armenian id, and the way the lengthy legacy of western intervention within the quarter has suppressed reform, instead of promoted democracy.
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Extra resources for From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide
Even if one group did not see the others as dangers to be removed, they still had no program to address the demands of the others. In other words, all pursued a homogeneous, authoritarian or totalitarian option. An important result was that none of these taboo groups took the existing democratic institutions and laws within society seriously, instead seeing them merely as devices to be temporarily employed to attain their own objectives. ’ The Islamic movement frequently echoed the statements of Tayyip Erdo˘gan and Fethullah Gülen quoted earlier.
The ruling elite controlling the state sees itself as outside of society, as a foreign element. This is, essentially, the Ottoman state tradition. The state derives A MODEL FOR UNDERSTANDING TURKEY TODAY 19 authority not from society, but from itself. It is a self-contained entity; the state has a nation, not the opposite. As for the nation, it is like a piece of private property, with which the state can do as it pleases. This situation is achieved through the state’s control of some 60 percent of the country’s economy.
The most important external factor is the breakup of the Soviet Union, and the new perspectives that have emerged in Turkey as a result. ’ The collapse of the Soviet Union—whose existence had profoundly affected the formation of the national state and the process of defining its borders, as well as having put an end to the Eastern Question—has upset all of the region’s social, economic and political balances. The peoples and countries who believe they were treated unjustly during the previous partition have now begun to reassert their former demands, as well as to put forward new ones.