By Abigail Jacobson
The heritage of Jerusalem as often depicted is the indispensable background of clash and strife, of ethnic rigidity, and of incompatible nationwide narratives and visions. it's also a heritage of dramatic adjustments and moments, probably the most radical ones being the alternative of the Ottoman regime with British rule in December 1917. From Empire to Empire demanding situations those significant dichotomies, ethnic and temporal, which formed the heritage of Jerusalem and its population. It hyperlinks the reviews of 2 ethnic groups residing in Palestine, Jews and Arabs, in addition to bridging old sessions, the Ottoman and British administrations.
Drawing upon numerous assets, Jacobson demonstrates how political and social alliances are dynamic, context-dependent, and purpose-driven. She additionally highlights the severe position of international intervention, governmental and nongovernmental, in forming neighborhood political alliances and in shaping the political truth of Palestine throughout the obstacle of worldwide warfare I and the transition among regimes.
From Empire to Empire deals an essential new point of view at the means global battle I has been routinely studied within the Palestinian context. It additionally examines the results of battle at the socioeconomic sphere of a combined urban in drawback and appears into the methods the battle, in addition to Ottoman regulations and directors, affected the methods humans perceived the Ottoman Empire and their place inside of it. From Empire to Empire illuminates the advanced and mild family members among ethnic and nationwide teams and provides a distinct lens during which the background of Jerusalem may be obvious: it proposes not just a narrative of clash but in addition of intercommunal contacts and cooperation.
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Additional resources for From Empire To Empire: Jerusalem Between Ottoman and British Rule
13 C ons c r i p t ion a n d Mobi l i z at ion Another factor that created great distress and affected life in Jerusalem during the war years was military conscription. The process of conscription was gradual, and so was the treatment of the Ottoman authorities toward the people who were supposed to be drafted. Mobilization of people into the army was announced throughout the empire before its official entry into the war on the side of Germany and Austria-Hungary. In Jerusalem, the first stages of mobilization won the support of most communities living in the city, as service in the army was viewed as a sign of loyalty to the empire.
People hid in attics and basements, in synagogues, mosques, and churches, hoping that the police would fail Jerusalem During World War I | 29 to find them. Some managed to escape the city and hide elsewhere, out of the fear of being caught and drafted. The mukhtars and official representatives of the different neighborhoods in Jerusalem played an important role in this process, as they were sometimes bribed by the deserters, and, in return, managed to keep the policemen away from the hiding place of the draft dodger.
Moving to the very beginning of British rule in Jerusalem, chapter 4 focuses on the moment of transition from Ottoman rule to the British military administration. This chapter addresses the internal process of negotiation among various British administrators, officials, and clergymen regarding the occupation of the city and its meaning, and also explores the dynamics of the relationships between the British and the local population. It highlights and questions the British policy of maintaining a status quo in the city and examines the basic premises of Introduction | 21 British administration in Jerusalem, as well as their imagination of the city and its residents.