Download Francophonie in the 1990s: Problems and Opportunities by D. E. Ager PDF

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By D. E. Ager

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In France itself, French continues to dominate regionaland now immigrantlanguages and dialects. Yet, also in France itself, French seems to have to resist potential cultural and economic domination by English, and the Page 3 'Anglo-Saxon' threat has to be countered by defensive language laws, whose impact may be greater in social and economic fields than in cultural ones. The unity of Francophonie The diversity of geographical setting and of economies, and the range of social structures and problems of Francophone countries mean that French language reflects differing realities, and the universal values and approaches of the espace francophone may conflict with both the reality of difference and the need for it to be expressed.

As he mounted the scaffold after the Revolution, Louis XVI is said to have asked if any news had yet been received of the great explorer Lapérouse, who had sailed again for the Pacific in 1785. Later, Napoleon conquered most of Europe and the Middle East, but without establishing lasting colonies. But the end of the Napoleonic period, in 1814, saw the collapse of the eighteenth century colonial expansion. Wars on the Page 10 continent had taken their toll and the colonies and trading posts fell to the British one after the other: Martinique in 1809, the Indian trading posts in 1803, Senegal in 1809, Mauritius in 1810.

French colonialism aimed at assimilating the newly conquered territories and their populations to the centralised, French-speaking 'one and indivisible' Republic. It did not mean by this that all the conquered populations would have the same rights as French citizens, and the status of the 'natives' was clearly differentiated from that of the settler. e. e. of equal but different territories) when decolonisation started after 1945. Page 13 While it is possible now, with the benefit of hindsight, to identify such motives and stages in the processes of colonialism, at the time there was little system, planning or forethought.

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