Download Financing Energy Projects in Developing Countries by Hossein Razavi PDF

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By Hossein Razavi

This ebook offers first-hand details and research of ways multilateral, bilateral, and advertisement financiers choose to help an strength undertaking. It offers the foremost adjustments within the attitudes and orientations of those financiers as they've got entered a aggressive setting looking possibilities to do extra enterprise within the strength quarter of constructing nations. The reader is guided during the strategy of knowing the basics of undertaking financing, discovering the financiers, and constructing a suitable venture package deal. ultimately, a few real-world case reports display the intricacies of mobilizing cash for initiatives in a variety of segments of the power region.
entrance topic
government Overviews
• Abbreviations and Acronyms
• devices and Conversion components
• Preface
• desk of Contents
•Part I. The Setting
1. basics of venture Financing
2. demanding situations of venture Financing in constructing international locations
•Part II. learning the Financiers
three. resources of Financing
four. getting access to aid from international Multilateral associations
five. Borrowing from nearby improvement Banks
6. Bilateral resources of Financing
7. gaining access to advertisement money
•Part III. Designing a suitable venture Package
eight. examining the enterprise surroundings
nine. setting up fiscal and monetary Viability
10. Structuring the Financing package deal
eleven. Environmental and Social issues
• thesaurus
• Bibliography

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Sample text

Summary 1–5. Project Risks • Identification, analysis, mitigation, and allocation of project risks are essential when structuring a project finance package. • Project risks endanger the project during project preparation, plant construction, and plant operation. • All risks are initially borne by project sponsors. However, project sponsors enter into numerous guarantee and contractual arrangements to hedge against risks. • The practice of combining various instruments for guarantees, borrowing, and mobilization of equity has turned into a complex discipline requiring innovative methods of finance.

See fig. ) S O U R C E S O F F I NA N C I N G Fig. 3–2. Changes in methods of financing power projects 35 36 F I NA N C I N G E N E R G Y P R O J E C T S I N D E V E L O P I N G C O U N T R I E S During this period, power project financing in developing countries involved the raising of funds by public utilities through government development budgets or through official borrowing. Official borrowing was financed by multilateral and bilateral agencies and some commercial sources. Generally, the public utility would borrow funds with government backing, usually in the form of a government counterguarantee.

Environmental and Social Concerns Before attempting to structure the financing of a project or even approaching financiers, project developers should become familiar with • • The many sources of funds, including grants, soft loans, and technical assistance, that can be tapped for a project. The role that each financier normally wishes to play in a project. Most financiers would like to enter a project when the business environment is ready. Others, such as multilateral institutions, want to come in only if they can improve certain aspects of the business environment.

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