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By A. P. Thirlwall (auth.)

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A possible simultaneous solution to the achievement of a higher utilisation of manufacturing capacity and the avoidance of payments problems with developed countries is for the developing countries to issue 54 their own international money on lines suggested by F. and M. Stewart [72], which would increase the purchasing power of each developing country and encourage trade between the developing countries themselves. They suggest that the developing countries as a group should issue their own international money, rocnabs (bancor backwards), which they would agree to accept in part payment for goods sold to each other.

Long maturities and grace periods are mainly means of providing liquidity rather than aid. C. countries on loans to developing countries has been 3·5 per cent; the average grace period has been 5 years and the average maturity of loans has been 28 years. The discount rate normally applied is 10 per cent* giving a grant equivalent of the loans of approximately 45 per * What might appear to be a low rate of interest is a reflection of the fact that the aid-donors' club tend to measure the grant equivalent of assistance from the donors' point of view.

Countries on loans to developing countries has been 3·5 per cent; the average grace period has been 5 years and the average maturity of loans has been 28 years. The discount rate normally applied is 10 per cent* giving a grant equivalent of the loans of approximately 45 per * What might appear to be a low rate of interest is a reflection of the fact that the aid-donors' club tend to measure the grant equivalent of assistance from the donors' point of view. 64 cent. In 1972 the percentage grant equivalent of total net financial resource flows was approximately 40 per cent, while the percentage grant equivalent of total official development assistance was approximately 80 per cent.

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