By Christa Neuper, Wolfgang Klimesch
Learn on mind oscillations and event-related electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related (de-) synchronization (ERD/ERS) particularly grew to become a quickly starting to be box within the final a long time. lots of laboratories all over the world are utilizing ERD/ERS to check cognitive and motor mind functionality and the significance of this software in neurocognitive learn is widely known. This booklet is a precis of the most up-tp-date study, tools, and functions of the examine of event-related dynamics of mind oscillations. dealing with the quick growth during this box, it brings jointly, at the one part, primary questions of the underlying occasions, which nonetheless stay to be clarified and, at the different facet, the most major novel findings, which aspect to the foremost issues for destiny examine. particularly, the chapters of this quantity disguise the neurophysiological basics and versions (Section I), new methodological methods (Section II), present ERD learn with regards to cognitive (Section III) and sensorimotor mind functionality (Section IV), invasive techniques and scientific functions (Section V), and novel advancements of EEG-based brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback (Section IV).
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Extra resources for Event-Related Dynamics of Brain Oscillations
And Pfurtscheller, G. (1999) Basic concepts on EEG synchronization and desynchronization. In: Pfurtscheller, G. H. ) Event-Related Desynchronization. Handbook of Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 6. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 3–11. , Erb, M. and Hu¨lsmann, E. (1999) Activation of cortical and cerebral motor areas during executed and imagined hand movements: an fMRI study. J. Cogn. , 11(5): 491–501. Neuper, C. and Pfurtscheller, G. (2001a) Evidence for distinct beta resonance frequencies in human EEG related to speciﬁc sensorimotor cortical areas.
EEG is preferentially sensitive to large radial dipole layers, consisting of many gyral surfaces; whereas synchronous sources in the intervening sulcal folds tend to cancel. High-resolution EEG methods focus the sensitivity of EEG electrodes on superﬁcial dipole layers located close (within 2–3 cm) to the electrode. By contrast, MEG is relatively insensitive to these large source distributions that appear to dominate most EEG recordings. Rather, MEG tends to detect only sources at edges of dipole layers that extend into one sulcal wall, since the dipoles on opposite sides of sulci tend to produce canceling magnetic ﬁelds.
378: 156–159. , Pichler-Zalaudek, K. and Neuper, C. (1999) ERD and ERS in voluntary movement of different limbs. Event-related desynchronization and related oscillatory phenomena of the brain. In: (Revised Edition)Pfurtscheller, G. H. ) Handboook of Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 6. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 245–268. , Wriessnegger, S. and Pfurtscheller, K. (2002) Contrasting behaviour of beta eventrelated synchronization and somatosensory evoked potential after median nerve stimulation during ﬁnger manipulation in man.