By Adam Zeman, Narinder Kapur, Marilyn Jones-Gotman
Epilepsy is the most typical very likely severe sickness of the mind, and those sufferers frequently be afflicted by reminiscence difficulties. there are various purposes for this: seizures can without delay have an effect on the mind in ways in which disturb reminiscence; epilepsy frequently effects from hassle in mind areas heavily associated with reminiscence; the therapy of epilepsy can have an effect on reminiscence; epilepsy could cause mental difficulties, like melancholy, which intervene with reminiscence. The learn of epilepsy and the learn of human memoryare interwoven.Epilepsy and reminiscence comprehensively reports all facets of the connection among this universal and possibly severe neurological sickness and reminiscence, one of many center services of the human brain. The authors, stated specialists of their fields, overview the historical past of the topic, the scientific good points of reminiscence illness in epilepsy, neuropsychological, neuroradiological, neuropathological and electrophysiological findings, the jobs of anticonvulsant uncomfortable side effects and psychiatric affliction, and the scope for reminiscence help and rehabilitation. The research of sufferers with epilepsy has printed a lot concerning the workings of reminiscence, but there was no contemporary overview of this fertile box of study. This ebook fills this hole and is a important new addition to the mind sciences literature. will probably be of large curiosity to clinicians and simple researchers within the mind sciences.
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Additional resources for Epilepsy and Memory
To test the hypothesis that common processes underlie scene construction and memory of autobiographical events, Hirshhorn et al. (2011) asked healthy older participants to describe, in as much details as possible, frequently and infrequently travelled routes, as well as autobiographical episodes. Consistent with the hypothesis, they found that the number of details specific to the route and episode were highly correlated with one another, and with performance on Smith and Milner’s (1981) hippocampally sensitive, table-top test of spatial memory.
Borrowing from information theory, Miller revived James’s idea of a limited-capacity primary memory or STM, suggesting that it could hold only seven bits of information, give or take two. , 2008), Miller’s paper had the salutary effect of reintroducing discussions and research on memory to the experimental psychology community. Also, the very concept of STM paved the way for discussions of consciousness since, hearkening back to James’s primary memory, one of its definitions was that it represents the material that is held in the forefront of consciousness.
Brain XI, 179–207. Hughlings Jackson, J. S. 1898. Case of epilepsy with tasting movements and ‘dreamy state’—very small patch of softening in the left uncinate gyrus. Brain XXI, 458–463. , et al. 1997. Learning and retention of words and designs following excision from medial or lateral temporal-lobe structures. Neuropsychologia 35 (7), 963–973. , and Sevlever, G. 2001. Evidence for reflex activation of experiential complex partial seizures. Neurology 56, (1) 121–123 (available from: PM:11148251).