By Ed Sanders
Feelings differ broadly among cultures, in particular of their eliciting stipulations, social acceptability, sorts of expression, and co-extent of terminology. Envy and Jealousy in Classical Athens examines the feeling, expression, and literary illustration of those significant feelings in Athens. earlier scholarship has essentially taken a lexical technique, targeting utilization of the Greek phrases phthonos and zêlos. This has worth, but in addition obstacles, for 2 purposes: the discreditable nature of phthonos renders its ascription or disclamation suspect, and there's no Classical Greek label for sexual jealousy. A complementary procedure is as a result required, one that reads the expressed values and activities of whole events.
Building on fresh advancements in studying emotion "scripts" in classical texts, this booklet applies to Athenian tradition and literature insights at the contexts, awake and unconscious motivations, subjective manifestations, and indicative behaviors of envy, jealousy, and similar feelings. those serious insights are derived from smooth philosophical, mental, psychoanalytical, sociological, and anthropological scholarship, therefore permitting an exploration of either the categorical theorization and evaluate of envy and jealousy, and likewise the extra indirect ways that they locate expression throughout varied genres-in specific philosophy, oratory, comedy, and tragedy. by way of making use of this new technique, Ed Sanders illuminates an important and underexplored point of Classical Athenian tradition and literature.
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Extra resources for Envy and Jealousy in Classical Athens: A Socio-Psychological Approach
44 However, they differ from Schadenfreude in that spite and malice in some way involve action by the patient against the target, while Schadenfreude does not. R. H. Smith et al. (1996) 159, 167; Brigham et al. (1997) 364–65. Brigham et al. (1997) 375–76. 1 for misfortune seen as deserved even by disinterested parties. 40 Brigham et al. (1997) 365. Cf. n. 19 on guilt as a part of envy. Ben-Ze’ev (2000) 367–68 compares the desires to conceal envy and Schadenfreude (which he terms “pleasure-in-others’-misfortune”).
489a4, Meno 71d6, Hp. mi. 372e7; Resp. 338a3, 528a2; Xen. Cyr. 5; Andoc. 6; Lys. 15; Isoc. 23; Isae. 61; Dem. 15. 17 For example, Dem. 74, Exord. 1; cf. Ar. Ach. 497, Lys. 649. 18 For example, Isoc. 163, Epist. 22, Epist. 15. See Saïd (2003) on phthonos in Isocrates. 19 Denials occur at for example Aesch. Sept. 236, PV 628; Soph.
85 This situational approach is a helpful analytical tool. It is a rare situation that will clearly involve either envy or jealousy alone (as frequently one party will feel one, while the other feels the other), and the sharp distinction is undermined even further when we consider that envy is frequently part of the blend of feelings in the jealousy complex. We should therefore recognize that there are many situations that will involve some combination of envy and jealousy, and the prototypical scenarios above can help us pinpoint where these occur.