By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Extra resources for Energy Policies of Iea Countriesl Finland 2003 Review
When approving the decision-in-principle, the Parliament obliged the government to make proposals on how to limit the use of coal in heat and power production in a controlled and co-ordinated way and how to enforce and enhance if necessary the renewable energy and energy efficiency programmes. A government committee was set up in late 2002 to limit coal use. The committee is to present its conclusions and proposals in December 2003. INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS REDUCTION METHODS The NCS discusses the possibilities offered by the Kyoto flexible mechanisms1.
The types and magnitudes of these subsidies are shown in Tables 7 and 8. 20 100 Total Source: Country submission. Table 8 Levels of Energy Subsidies, 2002 Technology/Project Development Stage Subsidy Level, % of capital costs Conventional technology 10 – 20 Heating plant < 5 MW New technology 20 – 30 Heating plant > 5 MW Conventional technology 10 – 15 Heating plant > 5 MW New technology 20 – 30 Small-scale CHP Conventional technology 5 – 20 Small-scale CHP New technology 10 – 40 Wind power Conventional technology 30 – 32 Wind power New technology Use of wood energy: Heating plant < 5 MW Other: 33 – 40 Solar 30 – 40 Small-scale hydro 20 – 40 Landfill gas 20 – 40 Heat pumps 20 – 40 Conservation and efficiency: Investments Conventional technology 20 Investments New technology 20 – 40 Energy audits 35 – 40 Source: Country submission.
The savings achieved thus far in conjunction with the agreements are significant, nearly 1% of Finnish TFC. While companies may have pursued some energy efficiency improvements independently, a great deal of these savings can in any case be attributed directly to the agreements. While the voluntary agreements do require energy auditing and reporting, the majority of them do not lay out targets in relation to reasonable energy baseline projections. Consequently, it is difficult to fully assess to what extent these energy savings would have occurred in the absence of the 49 agreements.