By Richard Grove
This choice of essays from a pioneering pupil in the sector of environmental historical past vividly demonstrates that issues approximately weather switch are faraway from being a uniquely glossy phenomenon. Grove lines the origins of present-day environmental debates approximately soil erosion, deforestation and weather switch within the writings of early colonial directors, medical professionals and missionaries. He strains what's recognized and what may be inferred referring to old El Nino occasions centuries prior to the devastating 1997/98 example. In a huge and wide-ranging concluding essay he analyses the final importance of 'marginal' land and its ecology within the background of renowned resistance hobbies.
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Extra resources for Ecology, Climate and Empire: Colonialism and Global Environmental History, 1400-1940
105-106. e. , The 'Endeavour Journal'ofSirJoseph Banks, 1768-1771 (Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1%8), vol. 6. ~. 53 ~he 1~90s, possessed no insights into the impact of European capitalintensrve ~nd slave employing agricultural methods on a tropical landscape or into the destructive hydrological consequences of tropical deforestation. In dire~t contrast to the French state at the same period, the EIC had not at this stage yet developed any serious commitment to the commercial or practical cultivation ofscientific expertise.
Workingplan for Chakakuan (Trivandrum: Forest Department, 1958), pp. 12-13. For details of the Travancore timber monopolies and early forest conservancy, see F. , Reporton Travancore forests (Trivandrum: Government Printer, 1886), pp. 15-16. T. Lambrick in Sir Charles Napier and Sind (Oxford, 1952), pp. 22-24, 192-193. 58 56 Conserving Eden Ecology, Climate and Empire The most significant intellectual departure in French environmental policy on Mauritius, the installation of a forest reservation system, was explicitly based on the fear of the impact ofdeforestation on rainfall and soil erosion.
109 . T~gether with two other surgeons, Hugh Cleghorn (stationed at Shlmoga In M ysore) and Edward Balfour (stationed at Madras), Gibson w~s able to systematically propJgandise a forest conservation programme With the government. ~. Balf~ur, '~otes on the i~fluence exercised by trees in inducing rain and . preservmg morsrure, MadrasJournalofLiteratureand Science, 25 (1849), pp. 402-408. S~e also IOL V/27/560/107 for details of the correspondence between Balfour and Gibson. , 'Obituary of A1e~ander Gibson', Proceedings of the Linnaean Society, (1867), p.