By Maria Bostenaru Dan
The classical box facing earthquakes is named “earthquake engineering” and regarded to be a department of structural engineering. In tasks facing innovations for earthquake chance mitigation, city making plans ways are usually ignored. this present day interventions are wanted on a urban, instead of a development, scale. This paintings bargains with the effect of earthquakes, together with additionally a broader view on multihazards in city components. Uniquely between different works within the box, specific significance is given to city making plans concerns, in conservation of background and emergency administration. Multicriteria selection making and extensive participation of these plagued by failures are included.
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1. The city is situated in the earthquake prone Marmara region in the northwestern part of Turkey. In past decades, the city has developed into a megacity with similar characteristics to those megacities in the developing countries display (United Nations 2008). Among others, this includes high population concentration, social disparity, lack of management, uncontrolled and single-handled development in residential and industrial areas as well as an increasing irregular and illegal urbanization (Baycan-Levent 2003; EMI 2005; Görgülü 2002).
Bostenaru Dan et al. 1007/978-94-007-7981-5_3, © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014 45 46 J. Kubanek et al. 1 Introduction Over the past few decades, the rapid growth of the world’s population has led to dynamic and complex urbanization on a global scale. By 2050, it is predicted that 6 billion people—by then about 70 % of the world’s population—will reside in urban areas (United Nations 2008). One example for the dynamic and uncontrolled development of urban areas is the city of Istanbul.
3 Geological, Tectonic and Neotectonic Data Dâmbovi¸ta represents a normal fault line, with episodes of strike-slip displacements, at least since the Upper Pliocene-Lower Pleistocene, since the coal beds observed in the borehole located south of the river were not found in the borehole situated north of it (Fig. 4). West of Dâmbovi¸ta the intermediate clay beds separating the Mosti¸stea sands and the Colentina gravels are lacking, indicating different sedimentation regimes in the Upper Pleistocene in two adjacent sectors separated by the Dâmbovi¸ta line.