By Dora Schulz, Heinz Griesbach
Deutsche Sprachlehre fur Auslander, Grundstufe in einem band [Paperback]
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Extra info for Deutsche Sprachlehre fur Ausländer, Grundstufe in einem Band
34 sociolinguistic fieldwork Nonetheless, a random sample is still useful for answering certain research questions. In these cases, the researcher does not necessarily have to personally undertake the difficult process of constructing the sample but rather may be able to “piggyback” on a pre-selected random sample by adding questions to a more general survey already carefully designed to eliminate biases and obtain an adequate sample size. Hence, for example, Bailey and his research colleagues purchased a block of survey questions on the Texas Poll, a public opinion poll, in order to obtain information on the distribution of particular grammatical features across the state and across selected age groups (Bailey and Bernstein 1989; Bailey, Wikle, and Tillery 1997b).
Furthermore, patterns of language variation appear to correlate not only with ethnic group membership (as objectively defined) but also with ethnic orientation. Hence, for example, speakers of Chinese descent with a higher degree of ethnic orientation show less participation in certain elements of the Canadian Vowel Shift, namely, the backing of /æ/ and lowering of /ɛ/, than those with lower affiliation to their ethnic group. This correlation is not readily attributable to language transfer and so is likely to be attributable to speakers’ different senses of ethnic identity.
Hopper’s “emergent grammar” ). g. g. g. uncertainty, powerlessness) from which interpretable social meanings are necessarily drawn. In sum, choosing a population for sociolinguistic study very much depends on how we choose to define “community,” and even more fundamentally on how we view the interrelation between language varieties, social structures, interpersonal interactions, and personal identity. The roots of sociolinguistics lie in part in dialect geography, and so we often have a propensity to define our communities of study based on geography and some measure of shared linguistic usages.