By Colin Clarke
During this sequel to Kingston, Jamaica: city improvement and Social switch, 1692 to 1962 (1975) Colin Clarke investigates the function of sophistication, color, race, and tradition within the altering social stratification and spatial patterning of Kingston, Jamaica when you consider that independence in 1962. He additionally assesses the traces - created through the doubling of the inhabitants - on labour and housing markets, that are themselves vital materials in city social stratification. particular cognizance can also be given to color, category, and race segregation, to the formation of the Kingston ghetto, to the function of politics within the construction of zones of violence and drug buying and selling in downtown Kingston, and to the contribution of the humanities to the evolution of nationwide tradition. a distinct function is the inclusion of a number of maps produced and compiled utilizing GIS (geographical info systems). The ebook concludes with a comparability with the post-colonial city difficulties of South Africa and Brazil, and an evalution of the de-colonization of Kingston.
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Additional info for Decolonizing the Colonial City: Urbanization and Stratification in Kingston, Jamaica
Colour–Class and Culture Emancipation removed the most critical legal barrier to social advancement, but inequalities persisted among Kingstonians throughout the postemancipation period. Indeed, with the abolition of slavery the informal determinants of social status increased in importance. The superordinate strata searched for symbols that summarized their distinctiveness and distance from the ex-slaves and the newly arrived orientals. Colour and class— and spatial segregation—became increasingly important.
Marriage and female chastity were norms for the whites, the Jews, and later the Syrians, who comprised semi-endogamous cells. These conditions were atypical of the lowest-ranking stratum, where marriage was associated with middle age, and illegitimacy and matrifocality were the norm. Within the median stratum the mating and family forms of both adjacent groups were practised. One element embraced the behaviour of the lower-class blacks, while the other, in attempting to identify with the whites, adopted a strict Victorian code (Henriques 1953).
In 1800 Bourbon cane was introduced, and in 1805 a record output of 150,000 hogsheads was achieved. Sugar accounted for 90 per cent of the value of Jamaican output, and over half was exported via Kingston (Gardner 1873; Pitman 1917; Burnard 2002). Kingston also maximized its returns from other trading links. By adding to the triangular run the trade of the thirteen British colonies in North America, variety was legitimately introduced into the commodities—lumber, casks, Xour, and ground provisions—handled by Kingston, and the volume and value of its trade were enhanced (Pitman 1917).