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By Mehrdad Kia

The Ottoman Empire was once an Islamic imperial monarchy that existed for over six hundred years. on the top of its strength within the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it encompassed 3 continents and served because the center of worldwide interactions among the east and the west. And whereas the Empire was once defeated after international conflict I and dissolved in 1920, the far-reaching results and impacts of the Ottoman Empire are nonetheless in actual fact seen in cutting-edge global cultures.Daily lifestyles within the Ottoman Empire permits readers to realize severe perception into the pluralistic social and cultural historical past of an empire that governed an enormous quarter extending from Budapest in Hungary to Mecca in Arabia. each one bankruptcy provides an in-depth research of a selected element of everyday life within the Ottoman Empire.

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Thus, the Ottoman Empire entered the 18th century in turmoil and decline. The past glory of its able and charismatic sultans had become, by 1700, a distant memory. Long wars against the Habsburgs, Venice, Poland, and Russia had drained the resources of the state, which could not even pay the salaries of its officials and troops. Consequently, corruption and nepotism became rampant. Against this background, the Ottoman elite once again appealed to a member of the Köprülü family to save the empire.

24 THE TULIP PERIOD The new grand vizier, Ibrahim Pa¸sa, purged the sultan’s inner circle and installed his own men in key positions within the royal harem. To focus the sultan’s attention on sexual desires and personal fantasies, he ordered the construction of a palace named Saadabad (Place of Joy), which was to serve as the center for various royal entertainments. Designed after the Palace of Fontainebleau (Château de Fontainebleau) outside Paris, Saadabad emerged as the model for other palaces later built by the wealthy members of the ruling elite along the banks of the Bosphorus.

Taxes remained uncollected, and government officials and troops were not paid their wages. The treasury was drained, and corruption spread to all levels of the civil administration. The reigning sultan, Mustafa II (1695–1703), spent much of his time in Edirne and did not even realize the severity of the political and economic crisis in the capital, where the troops, who were being sent on a military campaign to the southern Caucasus, refused to obey orders unless they were paid. With the army taking the lead, artisans, shopkeepers, merchants, and students from various religious schools joined in a rebellion in July 1703.

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