By Jan Asmussen
The new unencumber of information in relation to the Cyprus struggle of 1974 shed thoroughly clean gentle at the lead-up to the Turkish touchdown at the island and its aftermath. This publication, in accordance with the documents from the British and American governments, for the 1st time unpicks the reality in the back of this debatable clash, the results of that are nonetheless felt this present day: specifically that, even though there has been no British-American involvement within the coup that overthrew Archbishop Makarios in July 1974, a few individuals of British and American intelligence knew approximately Athens’ plans for a coup to take place at some point soon within the autumn of 1974 yet have been stunned via the sooner timetable. both controversially, Asmussen explores why either the British and the american citizens made up our minds to not tell the Cyprus executive in addition to the explanations in the back of Britain’s marvelous reluctance to workout her correct of intervention at the island. Asmussen analyzes the heritage to the 1974 struggle in addition to the lengthy shadow it casts correct as much as the failure of the Annan plan in 2004 and Turkey’s campaigns to hitch the ecu Union. it is a important re-reading, within the gentle of lately published records, of a long-running clash within the jap Mediterranean, now transported to the guts of the ecu Union. it is going to be an important resource for a person attracted to British or American diplomatic affairs in addition to the background of Cyprus.
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Additional resources for Cyprus At War: Diplomacy and Conflict during the 1974 Crisis
34 However, on 24 June Tasca argued against any strong actions and made a low-key representation to the Greek Government instead of talking to the Military, which was really in charge in Athens. Tasca agreed that the COUP D’ÉTAT IN NICOSIA 29 intensification of EOKA-B activities could result in a deterioration of Makarios’ position. ’ 35 On 1 July Tasca again argued against an approach through whatever discrete channel to Ioannides, and to convey US views concerning possible efforts to remove Makarios from power by violent means.
In the event of the coup no further applications for asylum were received. 82 Contingency Plans and Delaying Tactics Britain and the US were facing tough decisions about what to do during the next few days. Should they continue to recognise Makarios as President of Cyprus? If so, how should Britain act as Guarantor Power? Should it consider intervening on behalf of Makarios? British contingency planning for Cyprus included five scenarios: 83 a) ABLAUT – Reinforcement of British forces by a brigade group of two battalions in the event of an internal security breakdown.
If any such suggestion is allowed to gain currency it would gravely affect the whole future of Anglo/Cypriot relations. ’ 93 As the question of intervention arose it was discovered that Britain had actually never developed a contingency plan for the re-instalment of Makarios in case of a coup d’état. A plan estimating the need of troops was hastily drawn up by the Ministry of Defence to prove the dangers of such a move rather than in anticipation of any real preparations. The study estimated the need for three brigades to bring about the re-instalment.