By Mustapha Sebbane, Richard Dumont, Riad Jreige (auth.), Patrice Taourel (eds.)
CT of the extreme Abdomen offers an in-depth and accomplished account of using CT in sufferers with acute stomach. fresh major advancements in CT which are of relevance in imaging of the extreme stomach, together with multislice CT and multiplanar reconstructions, obtain specific cognizance. CT gains are in actual fact illustrated, and pitfalls and differential diagnoses are mentioned. the 1st component of the ebook provides epidemiological and scientific information in acute stomach. the second one and 3rd sections record the foremost CT findings and their value and talk about the technological history, together with acquisition, reformatting, and floor and quantity rendering. The fourth and 5th sections, which shape the most physique of the publication, study intimately a number of the scientific functions of CT in nontraumatic and anxious acute stomach. complete account is taken of recent tendencies within the analysis and administration of sufferers with acute stomach, and the function of CT is tested during this context. This publication will function an amazing consultant to the functionality and interpretation of CT within the atmosphere of the intense stomach; will probably be of worth to all common and gastrointestinal radiologists, in addition to emergency room physicians and gastrointestinal surgeons.
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Additional resources for CT of the Acute Abdomen
The diagnosis of pancreatic lesions is essentially based on CT scan results; however, there is a 40% rate of false-negative test results if the scan is performed within the first 12 h after the accident. The two main specific risk factors of pancreatic traumas are pancreatic duct lesions and delayed diagnosis of these lesions (more than 24 h) (Bach and Frey 26 F. Guillon 1971; Heitsch et al. 1976; Bradley et al. 1998). Their diagnosis is currently based on retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The value of pancreatography using nuclear magnetic resonance for pancreatic duct screening still needs to be defined (Nirula et al.
1961), blunt bowel trauma (Furuya et al. 2002), gastrointestinal endoscopy (Meyers et al. 1977), bacterial or fungal enteritis (Kleinman et al. 1980), and cancer cytoreductive therapy (Rha et al. 2000). Patients manifesting symptoms or signs of acute abdomen merit an aggressive surgical approach. Associated acidosis suggests necrotic bowel and portends a grave prognosis.
1 Crohn Disease The double halo sign was first reported by Frager et al. (1983) in patients with Crohn disease. 2 Bowel Ischemia The bowel halo sign (double halo or target sign) may also be present in bowel ischemia (Taourel et al. 1996). 3 Ulcerative Colitis The bowel halo sign was initially described with ulcerative colitis (Gore et al. 1996). 4 Infectious Enterocolitis The target sign is also a well-known CT feature in infectious enterocolitis, particularly in pseudomembranous colitis (Kawamoto et al.