By Gaëtanelle Gilquin
English causative buildings with cause, get, have and make are frequently mistakenly awarded as (quasi-)synonymous and roughly interchangeable. This booklet demonstrates the worth of corpus linguistics in selecting the syntactic, semantic, lexical and stylistic positive factors which are targeted for every of those buildings. It additionally underlines the usefulness of delivering corpus stories with an outstanding theoretical starting place by means of exhibiting how corpus linguistics will be fruitfully mixed with cognitive linguistics, that is used either as a kick off point for the research (top-down method) and as a framework during which to interpret the corpus effects (bottom-up approach). From a methodological standpoint, the research illustrates the complementarity of corpus and elicitation information, and gives instruments and strategies that may be used to enquire different syntactic buildings. eventually, the booklet additionally has a pedagogical size in that it examines how the study findings will be utilized to international language educating.
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Additional resources for Corpus, cognition and causative constructions
3). Reality may be construed in different ways, and language is made to reflect these construals, for example by choosing between several alternative expressions for one and the same situation (consider the classic example of the glass that is half empty or half full). This is what is referred to as “imagery” in cognitive grammar. Next, knowledge of language is said to emerge from language use (“usagebased approach”). Speakers’ internal grammar gradually builds up on the basis of the specific utterances they encounter – a claim which, it will be noticed, is in stark contrast to the nativism postulated by generative grammar, according to which children are born with an innate knowledge of the algebraic core of language.
G. semantics, pragmatics, motivations for linguistic facts, or assumptions about the psycholinguistic procedures of language use). Because such aspects are important in cognitive linguistics, they become part of the integrated model, and corpus linguistics opens up to new issues, while developing its explanatory power and psychological plausibility. From the point of view of cognitive linguistics, the combination with corpus linguistics confirms (and in fact actualises) its status as a “usage-based model”, Chapter 2.
Collecting the data addition, it is a well-balanced corpus illustrating a wide range of genres, subject fields and registers. The written component of the BNC is divided into two main sections: informative prose (75%) and imaginative prose (25%). The former is further subdivided into eight categories, viz. natural and pure science, applied science, belief and thought, commerce and finance, arts, social science, world affairs and leisure. The proportions of the different sections and subsections loosely reflect the distribution of books published in the UK (Kennedy 1998: 50–51).