By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
Cognitive Linguistics, the department of linguistics that attempts to ''make one's account of human language accord with what's in general recognized concerning the brain and the brain,'' has develop into probably the most flourishing fields of up to date linguistics. The chapters deal with many vintage themes of Cognitive Linguistics. those subject matters contain experiences at the semantics of particular phrases (including polysemy and synonymy) in addition to semantic features of specific syntactic styles / structures (including constructional synonymy and the schematicity of constructions), the research of causatives, transitivity, and image-schematic facets of posture verbs.
the main attribute of this quantity is that every one papers undertake the methodological viewpoint of Corpus Linguistics, the swiftly evolving department of linguistics in response to the automated research of language utilized in genuine settings. hence, the contributions don't in basic terms all offer a variety of new insights of their respective fields, in addition they introduce new facts in addition to new corpus-based and quantitative equipment of study. at the foundation in their findings, the authors talk about either theoretical implications going way past the singular subject matters of the reviews and exhibit how the self-discipline of Cognitive Linguistics can enjoy the rigorous research of naturally-occurring language. The languages that are investigated are English, German, Dutch, and Russian, and the information come from numerous various corpora. As such, the current quantity might be of curiosity to quite a lot of students with many various foci and pursuits and may pave the best way for extra integration of usage-based suggestions of research inside this fascinating paradigm.
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Extra resources for Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis
The type of intention rendered by namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’ is nearly exclusively encountered in positive declarative clauses. (20) Ⱦɚ ɟɳɟ ɫɥɭɯɢ ɨ ɡɟɦɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɟɮɨɪɦɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ɧɚɦɟɪɟɜɚɥɫɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɫɬɢ ɩɚɧ ɝɟɬɦɚɧ, […] [M. Bulgakov. ] ‘And also the rumors about the land reform that the hetman intended to carry out […]’ Skeletal data and the semantic information – however abstract – they convey are obviously important in defining a verb’s meaning and hence for distinguishing between two near-synonyms.
3). Thus, planirovat’ ‘plan’ can be seen as a prototypical main verb whereas dumat’ ‘intend, think (of)’, namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’, sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’, predpolagat’ ‘intend, propose’ and xotet’ ‘want, intend’ are integrated with the infinitive to an extent that they can no longer be considered prototypical construction kernels by themselves. 6 Taking the four verbs through the stativity tests that apply for Russian (Flank 1995: 27, 33–38) shows that they do not classify for the same situation type: native speakers accept planirovat’ ‘plan’ as a concretization of ‘doing something’, whereas dumat’ ‘intend, think (of)’, namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’ and sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’ clearly do not relate to such an activity-primitive.
Nabokov. ’ A third verb, sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’ occupies the middle position in both dendrograms. Dendrograms (1) and (2) reveal that sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’ is more similar to the hesitant intentions, dumat’ ‘intend, think of)’ and xotet’ ‘want, intend’, with respect to the formal make-up of the slots than with respect to the semantic paraphrases for subject and infinitive. In the case of sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’, nothing is known about the source of the intention. The subject has an intention and is “getting ready” to carry it out, as the active, processual nature of its semantic dominant indicates.