By Alexander Bergs, Gabriele Diewald
This number of unique articles specializes in the functionality, function, and constitution of linguistic and extralinguistic “context(s)” relating to the idea of “constructions” and in building grammar. It hence takes up and brings jointly both advanced thoughts of linguistics, which either surround structural in addition to pragmatic and discourse-oriented elements. even though either notions – contexts in addition to buildings – were lower than extreme dialogue in linguistics over the past a long time with a large span of study pursuits, integrative experiences of those points were principally lacking. The 8 papers awarded during this quantity discover the probabilities and hazards of integrating context(s) into specific structures and building grammar in most cases. subject matters diversity from specific language and construction-specific difficulties similar to the "polysemy" of modal verbs on the subject of context-sensitive structures, to normal technical analyses and suggestions, together with proposals for formalizing contextual beneficial properties in constructional representations.The quantity should be of curiosity to students and complex undergraduates drawn to linguistic concept normally and in constructional, pragmatic and discourse-analytic methods particularly.
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Additional resources for Contexts and Constructions (Constructional Approaches to Language)
6. Motivating minimal contexts Let us come now to the second question posed at the end of Section 4: why should precisely these contextual parameters be appealed to, and no others? The answer, in a nutshell, is that the contextual parameters jointly constituting a minimal context are motivated rather than arbitrary. Their jointly constituting a minimal context can be predicted by the organization of human action. Some useful insights into this organization are provided by Gibson’s (1977) notion of ‘affordances’ of the physical environment, according to which the structure of an object embodies potentialities of interaction with this object (cf.
The theory of affordances. In R. Shaw & J. ) Perceiving, acting and knowing (67–82). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Goodwin, Charles & Alessandro Duranti (1992). Rethinking context: Introduction. In A. Duranti & C. ), Rethinking context: Language as an interactive phenomenon (1–42). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Goodwin, Charles (1996). Transparent vision. In E. Ochs, E. Schegloff & S. ), Interaction and grammar (370–404). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hagoort, Peter, Lea Hald, Marcel Bastiaansen, & Karl Magnus Petersson (2004).
Moreover, I suggested that speakers exploit the sequential order in which contextual information becomes available. Two types of contextual information may be distinguished in this respect. Information pertaining to socio-cultural categories such as the gender, age, and social class of interlocutors, the relationship between them and the setting of the exchange is available at speech onset, and serves to set up expectations about the intended illocutionary force. Further paralinguistic and intonational cues become available as the speech signal unfolds, and serve to confirm or revise the projected illocutionary force.