Download Community, Myth and Recognition in Twentieth-Century French by Nikolaj Lübecker PDF

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By Nikolaj Lübecker

Taking as its element of departure the concept of group in mid-twentieth century French literature and idea, this formidable research seeks to discover the ways that Breton, Bataille, Sartre and Barthes used literature and artwork to interact with the query of reconceptualizing society.  In exploring the relevance those writings carry for modern debates approximately group, Lubecker argues for the ongoing social value of literary stories.

Throughout the booklet, he means that literature and paintings are privileged fields for confronting many of the anti-social wants located on the outer edge of human rationality. The authors studied positioned to paintings the options of Thanatos, sado-masochism and (self-)sacrifice; in addition they write extra poetically approximately man's allure to Silence, the evening and the impartial.

Many sociological discourses at the query of neighborhood are inclined to marginalize the drives inherent inside of those ideas; Lubecker argues it truly is necessary to take those drives under consideration while theorising the query of group, differently they could go back within the atavistic kind of myths. in addition if dealt with with care and a focus they could end up to be a source.

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Extra info for Community, Myth and Recognition in Twentieth-Century French Literature and Thought

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The different logics of consumption that Bataille writes about (of men, animal, objects, time, energy . 11 The desire they satisfy seems to be 30 Community, Myth and Recognition of such an essential character that these activities are allowed to exist despite differing from social structures in general. Why this social acceptance? According to Bataille, in these activities man comes to know who he truly is. 12 Fear and ecstasy coexist as we break away from the tyranny of utility in order to momentarily approach a freedom we cannot fully comprehend (or experience).

11 The desire they satisfy seems to be 30 Community, Myth and Recognition of such an essential character that these activities are allowed to exist despite differing from social structures in general. Why this social acceptance? According to Bataille, in these activities man comes to know who he truly is. 12 Fear and ecstasy coexist as we break away from the tyranny of utility in order to momentarily approach a freedom we cannot fully comprehend (or experience). Needless to say this moment is extremely difficult to describe and Bataille requires a certain amount of collaboration from his reader when – in texts such as The Inner Experience (1943, in Bataille 1973a) and Madame Edwarda (1941, in Bataille 1972) – he seeks to communicate the ‘Impossible’ experience.

On the other hand we have seen that Breton accepted the provocations of Dalí and deliberately went in search of a religion inspired by Freud’s myth of sacrificing the father. We have furthermore seen that he explicitly presented irrationality as a method for instigating change; and when he seeks to participate in ‘the establishment of a ceremony in the great style’ (592) we may also wonder what this means. Consequently, whether community is to be conceived along Marxist lines or in a more mystical sense is not exactly a discussion between Bataille and Breton, but rather a discussion within Breton.

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