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By Anthony D. King

The research specializes in the social and, extra specifically, the cultural procedures governing colonial city improvement and develops a conception and technique to do that. the writer demonstrates how the actual and spatial preparations characterizing city improvement are distinctive items of a specific society, to be understood simply by way of its values, behaviour and associations and the distribution of social and political energy inside it. Nowhere is that this extra obvious than in 'colonial towns' of Asia and Africa the place the environmental assumptions of a dominant, industrializing Western strength have been brought to principally 'pre-industrial' societies. Anthony King attracts his fabric essentially from those parts, and incorporates a case learn of the improvement of colonial Delhi from the early 19th century to 1947. but, because the writer explains, the issues of the way cultural social and political components impression the character of environments and the way those in flip impact social tactics and behavior, are of worldwide significance.

This publication used to be first released in 1976.

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456). Additional confirmation exists in Balandier's analysis (1951, pp. 54-5) in which he suggests that the ‘contact’ between the colonial and metropolitan cultures arose in the ‘special circumstances of ‘the colonial situation’. The most obvious of these circumstances were (1) the domination by a foreign minority, racially (or ethnically) and culturally different, of an indigenous population, inferior from a material viewpoint; (2) the linking of radically different civilisations in ‘some form of relationship’; (3) the imposition of an industrialised society onto a non-industrialised society in (4) an ‘antagonistic relationship’ where the colonial people were ‘subjected as instruments of colonial power’ and (5) with the need, ‘in maintaining this domination, not only to resort to force but to a system of pseudojustifications and stereotyped behaviour’ (I am grateful to Susan Lewandowski for drawing my attention to this reference).

This may, or may not, include -as it often does in India - a cantonment, or military station. Many ‘colonial’ towns and cities might consist of this simple, twofold structure. Others, especially in East Africa or the Far East, incorporate a third sector or number of sectors, mainly occupied by migrants from other colonial territories brought in by the colonial power. In Africa, this description needs modification in that the area of indigenous habitation, the ‘native town’ might have been ‘planted’ by the colonial power.

The assumption in both these tasks is that physical-spatial structure has meaning for the analysis of social structure. In the previous chapter colonialism has been defined as ‘the establishment and maintenance, for an extended time, of rule over an alien people that is separate and subordinate to the ruling power’, the particular variety of colonialism being that of modern industrial capitalism. The main conditions comprised in this form of colonialism are threefold: first, a contact situation between two cultures and the value-systems on which they are based.

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