By Jeroen Claes
The current quantity attempts to reply to the query: What constrains morphosyntactic edition? through reading the variable contract of presentational haber (´there to be`) in Caribbean Spanish with complicated statistical instruments and theoretical constructs of Cognitive Sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, and variationist sociolinguistics, it proposes an leading edge theoretical version of the restrictions that govern morphosyntactic version.
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Additional info for Cognitive, Social, and Individual Constraints on Linguistic Variation
Without their continuous encouragement and loving understanding, I would most certainly not have completed this project. 4Conclusion References Index Appendix A: Story-reading task Appendix B: Questionnaire-reading task List of figures Fig. 1: The English ditransitive construction instantiated by to hand, adapted from Goldberg (1995: 51) Fig. 2: The non-agreeing presentational haber construction Fig. 3: The agreeing presentational haber construction Fig. 4: Distribution of tokens of presentational haber across participants in the Havana, Santo Domingo, and San Juan datasets Fig.
Quite on the contrary, since its patterns of variation are already well understood, it constitutes an ideal testing ground for hypotheses about the way alternations are constrained, in our case, the claim that morphosyntactic variation is conditioned by cognitive, social, and individual constraints. The analyses will draw extensively on concepts and constructs from Cognitive Linguistics (in particular, Cognitive Construction Grammar; Goldberg 1995, 2006a), psycholinguistics, and variationist sociolinguistics.
Let us summarize now the main trends that emerge from this overview of literature. 3Summary In this chapter, I have reviewed the dialectological and the sociolinguistic literature on presentational haber pluralization. This has shown that the phenomenon constitutes a widely diffused alternation that occurs in Canarian, Latin American, and Peninsular Spanish. Earlier investigations have observed that agreeing presentational haber is more frequent when the noun phrase has human reference, when negation is absent, and when the verb is conjugated in the imperfect tense, a compound tense or forms a verb phrase with an aspectual or modal auxiliary.