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By Rebecca Anne Scarborough

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Figure 4 schematizes the range of nasal word types. 23 C /ε/, /æ/, /α/, /Λ/, /a, o/, N (C) /a, e/ (S) N /ε/, /æ/, /α/, /Λ/, /a, o/, C /a, e/ Figure 4 CVN and NVC word types included in the study corpus As stated previously, absolute log frequency was balanced across lexical confusability groups for each type of coarticulation. Log frequency and R were also balanced across the two coarticulation groups (anticipatory and carryover nasal coarticulation). The mean log frequency and the mean and range of R values for words in each nasal coarticulation category are listed in Table 1.

This procedure generated two repetitions of each word for each speaker: one in sentence-final position, and the other in the “word after X” context. A comparison of the two repetitions was initially envisioned. However, the “word after X” context yielded a variety of focused and unfocused instances of test words with following prosodic phrase boundaries of different sizes and tonal patterns. Furthermore, it is the first mention that is most relevant for addressing the present questions, whether the effect being studied is communicatively-motivated or whether it is due to difficulty in lexical retrieval.

The solid black line represents the Distance from Canonical measure; the dotted lines represent F1 and F2 contributions to the distance from canonical; the solid gray line represents the distance from the influencing vowel. Measurements were made at 5ms intervals in the 20ms region of the test vowel closest to the influencing vowel, where V-to-V coarticulation is known to occur most notably. Measurements were also taken at the test vowel midpoint. Measurement points are shown in Figure 7. Points will be referred to by their temporal distance from the 33 vowel edge: 5ms, 10ms, 15ms, 20ms.

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