By United Nations
The e-book of this ebook marks the twenty fifth anniversary of the UNECE conference on Long-range Transboundary pollution, one of many oldest and extra winning multilateral overseas treaties preserving the surroundings. It exhibits the conference because it is visible throughout the eyes of specialists, delegates, chairmen and individuals of the secretariat with contributions from a number of the best avid gamers within the Convention’s paintings through the years.
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Additional info for Clearing the Air: 25 Years of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
In Geneva a t the first meeting o f t h e Executive Body in spring 1983, when the Convention came into force, the Nordic countries proposed that the Parties should negotiate an agreement on a 30% reduction o f sulphur dioxide (502) emissions (or their transboundary fluxes) based on the emission values o f 1980. Their intention was primarily t o set the ball rolling. Support came hesitatingly from the Federal Republic o f Germany (after a volte-face in i t s air pollution policy in 1982), the Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria and Canada.
Collaboration was, and still is, an efficient and economical strategy t o address environmental issues o f regional, national and international dimensions. However, it was not always “plain sailing” regarding Canada’s participation in the Convention, which was essentially a pan-European body. Difficulties could have been anticipated in the critical area o f common interest, the development o f control protocols. The cause o f the difficulty derives from geography, demographics and political boundaries.
The so-called “30% Club” was born. Before being invited t o Ottawa the Netherlands had t o prove that it could fulfil tne 3 0 ~ 0 reduction commitment. In the past it had often insisted that its sulphur emission reduction achieved before 1980 should be counted as well. It must have been satisfying for the three Nordic countries t o see their [ong-time efforts rewarded There was however a need t o extend the support for a 30 per cent reduction, i n particular t o Eastern Europe. Therefore, t h e Federal Republic o f Germany, becoming more and more aware o f environmental damage by acidification, decided t o hold the Multilateral Conference on the Environment at t h e ministerial level (Munich, June 1984).