By Wiebke Denecke
Ever seeing that Karl Jaspers's "axial age" paradigm, there were a few influential stories evaluating old East Asian and Greco-Roman background and tradition. in spite of the fact that, to this point there was no comparative learn related to a number of literary traditions in those cultural spheres. This booklet compares the dynamics among the more youthful literary cultures of Japan and Rome and the literatures in their venerable predecessors, China and Greece. How have been writers of the more youthful cultures of Rome and Japan plagued by the presence of an older "reference culture," whose sophistication they trendy, at the same time they anxiously strove to claim their very own special id? How did they take on the problem of adopting the reference culture's literary genres, rhetorical refinement, and conceptual vocabulary for writing texts in several languages and inside of particular political and cultural contexts?
Classical global Literatures captures the remarkable similarities among the methods early jap authors wrote their very own literature via and opposed to the literary precedents of China, and the methods Latin writers engaged and contested Greek precedents. however it additionally brings to mild suggestive divergences which are rooted in geopolitical, linguistic, sociohistorical, and aesthetic ameliorations among early eastern and Roman literary cultures. featuring a strategy of "deep comparability" for the cross-cultural comparability of premodern literary cultures and calling for a ramification of worldwide literature debates into the traditional and medieval worlds, Classical international Literatures is either a theoretical intervention and a call for participation to learn and re-read 4 significant literary traditions in an leading edge and illuminating mild.
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Additional resources for Classical World Literatures: Sino-Japanese and Greco-Roman Comparisons
24 24 For further discussion of this tablet and its implications for our understanding of the development of writing in Japan see Lurie 2011, Chapter 4. indd 31 | 31 10/12/2013 8:03:06 PM We have identiﬁed several signiﬁcant points of diﬀerence in the education systems of early Japan and Rome such as the diﬀerent degree of central government involvement in education, the divergent social status and cultural background of educators, the formative presence of the examination system for the elite culture of China and Japan and the lack of indications for exams in the Greco-Roman world.
1 The Homeric Epic as Hellenistic Schoolbook Text Homer’s Iliad, Book 2, lines 172–210. Tebtunis Papyrus 4, Egypt. © Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. and education based on writing samples and documents produced directly by students rather than based on the views of education propagated by philosophers of education like Quintilian. 23 Although the Analects seems to have been more important as a text for practicing one’s calligraphy and writing skills, reproducing the original text rather than accompanying commentaries, the samples of passages from the Analects surviving on excavated wooden tablets show intriguing traces of another type of scholarly notation: If Roman students read Greek canonical texts in Greek inscribed with critical marks developed by Hellenistic scholars from Alexandria, Japanese students came to read Chinese canonical texts in accordance with Japanese, not Chinese, syntactical order and developed their own set of critical marks to facilitate the reading of Chinese texts.
When they had received the command, they thus presented one named Wani-kishi. They also presented the Confucian Analects, in ten volumes, and the Thousand-Character Classic, in one volume, all together eleven volumes. (This Wani-kishi is the ancestor of the Fumi no Obito lineage of scribes). ⑼ޔ ⾦⊖ᷣ࿖ੱ⾫⧯ޔ⠪⽸ޔޕޔฃએ⽸ੱޔฬῺศᏧޕහ ⺰⺆චᏎ ޔජሼ ᢥ ৻Ꮞ ޔᐗච৻Ꮞ ޔઃᤚ ੱහ ⽸ ㅴ ޕ㧨 ᱝῺ ศᏧ ⠪ ޔᢥ 㚂╬ޕ㧪2 record of ancient matters (kojiki ฎ ⸥,presented to the throne in 712 ce) The study of language and literature (or grammar) was once not even known at Rome, much less respected, since the community, being then uncultured and 1 To get a taste of the reﬁned literary culture of the latter part of the Six Dynasties see Tian 2007.