By Charles Pattie, Patrick Seyd, Paul Whiteley
There are expanding issues approximately adjustments in society and the economic system that are undermining the effectiveness of democracy and weakening conventional conceptions of citizenship. What does it suggest to be a British citizen within the early a part of the twenty first century? This publication provides the 1st significant empirical research of citizenship in Britain, comprising surveys of political participation and voluntary actions, and of the ideals and values which underpin them. in addition to proposing new information, the authors supply a worldly dialogue of the concept that of citizenship, and the implications of an absence of civic engagement in a latest democracy. It examines why a few everyone is 'good' electorate while others are 'bad' and it explores the implications of citizenship for policy-makers and democracy. entire and obtainable, this booklet makes an incredible contribution to our figuring out of civic attitudes in Britain at the present time and should entice scholars, researchers and policy-makers.
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Additional info for Citizenship in Britain: Values, Participation and Democracy
Foreigners who are long-term residents of European states or resident aliens in the United States possess substantial rights and privileges even though they are not citizens in the conventional sense. Tomas Hammer (1986) suggested that members of these groups should be described as denizens rather than citizens. In his view citizenship should be regarded as a set of concentric circles with the inner circle based on nationality and the outer circle on denizenship. The idea here is that there is a growing separation of citizenship rights from the territorial dimension of state membership.
For this reason it may very well succeed. On the other hand, the demand by a few Muslim groups that the medieval laws of blasphemy should be revived so that individuals who criticise Islam can be prosecuted in the courts is acutely at odds with the agnostic values What is Citizenship? 15 of the wider society, particularly the strong preference for freedom of speech. This is never likely to be accepted by British society and rather than promoting inclusion it is likely to promote division. Clearly there is scope for a group rights approach in any democratic society, but the scope is limited by the risk of destroying the universalistic values of citizenship which are the hallmark of contemporary liberal thinking.
In the light of this discussion we examine what we mean by citizenship in a final section of this chapter. 18 Citizenship in Britain The theory of citizenship The core problem to be addressed by a theory of citizenship is to explain why a group of people are willing to cooperate with each other to solve common problems when there are real incentives not to do so and to free-ride on the efforts of others. The issue of how a political community is created is an old one, much discussed by philosophers and theorists from the ancient Greeks to Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and beyond.