By Sarah Culpepper Stroup
This can be a examine of the emergence, improvement, and florescence of a noticeably 'late Republican' socio-textual tradition as recorded within the writings of this period's such a lot influential authors, Catullus and Cicero. It finds a multi-faceted textual - instead of extra traditionally-defined 'literary' - global that either defines the highbrow lifetime of the overdue Republic, and lays the principles for these authors of the Principate and Empire who pointed out this era as their literary resource and notion. by means of first wondering, after which rejecting, the normal polarisation of Catullus and Cicero, and via broadening the scope of past due Republican socio-literary stories to incorporate intersections of language, social perform, and textual materiality, this booklet provides a clean photo of either the socio-textual global of the overdue Republic and the first authors via whom this international might achieve renown.
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Additional info for Catullus, Cicero, and a Society of Patrons: The Generation of the Text
On Cicero’s general encouragement of poetic activity, cf. Pliny Ep. 1. Introduction 25 it entails, as discussed in Part I – the two authors will be considered in near synchrony (though with some allowance for diachronic progression in Cicero’s use of such terminology, where such a progression seems both plausible and meaningful). Where there appear to be nuanced distinctions in the intersections – those of rhetorical and sociopractical expression, as discussed in Parts II and III – and where these intersections might tell us something significant about how each man’s engagement in the textual community may have shaped his expression of it, then I will tend to adopt more of a diachronic approach, dealing first with the relevant Catullan passages, and then with those of Cicero, and suggesting general ways in which it appears Cicero might have responded to what had come before.
Cornelius! To you . . 1 Two lines later the poem provides its own answer – the libellus will be dedicated to the historian Cornelius Nepos2 – but the question and its implications remain for the poet, the recipient, and the readers who have encountered it since. On closer inspection this simplest of inquiries becomes only more complex, more difficult to decipher, and more demonstrative of the anxieties of textual exchange and the author’s desire to remain a subject even as he becomes, through his text, an object.
3 The textual connotations of otium as it is used in the late Republic, however, remain largely unexplored by recent scholarship. I start, then, with a brief consideration of why and when otium might have shifted into the textual realm and a short survey of otium as it functioned in the New Comedy of the late third and early second centuries BCE. I turn then to the use of otium in the late Republic, marking especially the semantic and spatial distinctions between otium in the city and otium in the textual world.