By et al R.E. Smalley (Foreword)
This e-book provides a finished assessment of the current prestige of analysis during this fast paced box through researchers actively contributing to the advances. After a quick creation and a short overview of the relation among carbon nanotubes, graphite and other kinds of carbon, the synthesis ideas and progress mechanisms for carbon nanotubes are defined. this can be by means of stories on nanotube digital constitution, electric, optical, and mechanical homes, nanotube imaging and spectroscopy, and nanotube functions.
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Additional info for Carbon nanotubes synthesis structure properties and application
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Metallic SWNTs that are several microns long typically exhibit two-terminal resistance on the order of tens to hundreds of kilo-ohms. The lowest single-tube resistance measured with our individual metallic SWNT is ∼ 12 k Ω (Fig. 12b). The low contact resistance achieved in our system can be attributed to several factors. The ﬁrst is that our method allows the two metal electrodes to contact the two ends of a nanotube. Broken translational symmetry at the nanotube ends could be responsible for the strong electrical coupling between the tube and metal .
Most importantly, these studies have tried to look at the critical factors that determine the kinetics of open-ended tube growth, as well as studies that determine the relative stability of local-energy minimum structures that contain six-, ﬁve-, and seven-membered carbon rings in the lattice. Classical molecular dynamics simulations show that wide tubes which are initially open can continue to grow straight and maintain an all-hexagonal structure [27,28]. However, tubes narrower than a critical diameter, estimated to be about ∼ 3 nm, readily nucleate curved, pentagonal structures that lead to tube closure with further addition of carbon atoms, thus inhibiting further growth.