By Saumyendra Sengupta
This booklet presents a wide insurance of primary and complex con cepts of knowledge buildings and algorithms. the cloth offered contains a remedy of hassle-free info constructions akin to arrays, lists, stacks, and bushes, in addition to more moderen buildings that experience emerged to aid the method ing of multidimensional or spatial info records. those more moderen buildings and algorithms have obtained expanding recognition lately in conjunc tion with the swift progress in computer-aided layout, special effects, and comparable fields during which multidimensional facts constructions are of significant curiosity. Our major target is to mesh the underlying techniques with software examples which are of sensible use and are well timed of their implementations. To this finish, we have now used frequently the summary info constitution (or summary info style (ADT)) method of outline constructions for information and operations. Object-oriented programming (OOP) methodologies are hired to im plement those ADT ideas. In OOP, facts and operations for an ADT are mixed right into a unmarried entity (object). ADTs are used to specifiy the objects-arrays, stacks, queues, bushes, and graphs. OOP permits the professional grammer to extra heavily mimic the real-world purposes. This OOP is extra based and modular than earlier makes an attempt. OOP has turn into de facto cutting-edge within the 1990s.
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Extra resources for C++: Object-Oriented Data Structures
0 or later. int add ( int, int ); II Is called when args are integers float add ( float * float *); II Is called when args are II pointers to floats 44 2. 4 C++ Pointers, Structures, Classes, Functions, and Operators OVERLOADED OPERATORS An overloaded operator is loaded with different meanings and actions depending on its operands. An overloaded operator must match the C++ built-in operators op and their meanings. It is defined as an operator function with the operator keyword. The syntax of defining an overloaded function is:
Attributes for class member and nonmember functions. • They cannot have any return type, not even void, but can have arguments. • They are used to construct an object. • They can initialize an object. • They are automatically and implicitly called when an object of a class is declared. 3, the statement Stack stack_objl(1024); implicitly calls the constructor Stack () that dynamically allocates memory storage and initializes the stack_obj 1 object of the Stack type. 2 SPECIAL FUNCTIONS: DESTRUCTORS Destructors are special functions in C++.
Class Slist_Node_Object private: int data; Slist_Node_Object *next; friend class Singly_Linked_List; }; II Now define its "friend" class class SinglY_Linked_List private: Slist_Node_Object *head-ptr; void init_list(); public: Singly_Linked_List(); II Constructor -Singly_Linked_List(); II Destructor void append_node_obj (); void prepend_node_obj (); II define more methods ... }; All the member functions ofthe Singly_Linked_List class are friends of the Slist_Node_Obj ect class. These member functions have read and write access privileges of data and *next that are members of the helper Slist_Node_Obj ect class.