Download Byzantine Naval Forces 1261-1461: The Roman Empire’s Last by Raffaele D'Amato PDF

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By Raffaele D'Amato

After the recapture of Constantinople, Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos was resolute to convey glory again to the Byzantine Empire. to accomplish this, he verified an Imperial Fleet and raised new regiments of elite marine troops. This paintings offers a accomplished, illustrated consultant to the unit background and visual appeal of those males, who have been on the leading edge of the final nice flourish of Byzantine naval strength. They received victory after victory in campaigns during the 1260s-70s, and although successive sessions of decline and partial resurrection undefined, those marine devices survived till the final glints of Byzantine resistance have been extinguished. Drawing upon early literary resources, the wealthy facts of interval illuminated manuscripts, frescoes and different iconography, Raffaele DAmato info the lasting legacy of the swansong of Byzantine naval strength.

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111). He first attacked Karystos, capital of the southern triarchy of Euboea, which he took after a long siege by land and sea. For this victory Michael VIII invested Likarios as the feudal lord of Euboea (two-thirds of which was as yet unconquered), and gave him in marriage a Roman noblewoman with a rich dowry. In return, Likarios and 200 of his knights swore fealty to the Palaiologos dynasty. Likarios’s only significant failure was at Chalkis, capital of central Euboea. In 1275 he assembled his mercenaries and landed at Oreos in the north of the island.

There is a strong possibility that the ship represented belongs to the Roman Empire. Naval flags Since only flags could reveal the identity of a ship they were used with great care, and the flags of the Imperial navy are well recorded. e. the broken chain-links shaped like four upright letters ‘B’, standing for the Palaiologos motto ‘Kings of kings, ruling over kings’. 1330, now in the Uffizi Museum in Florence, depicts scenes from the life of St Nicholas. It includes two ships unloading corn in a harbour; one of them flies the flag of a golden cross on a red field with four golden balls in the corners.

Iron ‘war-hat’ helmet dated to 1222, from Saranda Kolones castle at Paphos, Cyprus; its shape is distorted by later earthquake damage to the building in which it was held. (Courtesy District Archaeological Museum, Paphos; author’s photo) Eastern Roman helmet with ringmail aventail, 13th–14th centuries. (Private collection; photo courtesy TimeLine Auctions) Body armour The instructions for warriors of Theodore Palaiologos, written in 1326, prescribe the pourpoint, the hauberjon and the cuiriee, sometimes worn with a gambeson, and these typical Western protections are also visible in the iconography.

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