By Rebecca Davis, Kogen Mizuno, Morio Takanashi, Koichiro Yoshida, Takahiro Matsumura, Kazumasa Osaka
This publication bargains an engrossing account either one of the foundation and improvement of the sutras and of the priests who braved perilous trips and mastered unusual languages so one can hold the sutras to new lands.
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Extra resources for Buddhist Sutras: Origin, Development, Transmission
Chu Shih-hsing sent it to China to be translated, and today we know that translation, made in 29 1 by Wu-ch'a-Io, as the Perfection of Wis dom Sutra in Twenty-five Thousand Lines (Panchavimshati-saha srika-prajnaparamita-sutra) . Incidentally, in China it is said that sutras came to be copied on yellow paper in commemoration of the scorched, yellowed original of that sutra. D. 3 1 2-85) who rendered the greatest service to Chinese Buddhism, ensuring the correctness of its teachings and eliminating the Taoist terminology of ko-i Buddhism.
Although I ndic, or Indo-Aryan, l anguages existed several thou sand years ago, their written scripts do not appear to have evolved until some three or four h undred years before the founding 0 Buddhis m . Thus there is little immediate relationship between the spoken languages and the written scripts of India. C. D. This system seems to have been b ased originally on the Old Persian and Brahmi scripts used in northwestern I ndia after the Persian king Darius the Great conquered the area at the end of th e sixth S C R I P T S A N D S U T RAS 37 century B .
O f Lokakshema's translations, nine works in twenty fascicles are still ex tant . Many of the scriptures he translated were Mahayana sutras , and included among them is the oldest extant translation of the Perfection of Wisdom S utra i n Eigh t Thousand Lines ( Ashtasa- 46 T R A N S L A T I N G T H E SC R I P T U RE S h asrika-praj naparamita-sutra) . Although the wording of h i s trans lations is fairly close to that of later versions, his translation of the five aggregates* is the same as that of An Shih-kao.