By Hayden White, Victoria E. Bonnell, Lynn Hunt
Not anything has generated extra controversy within the social sciences than the flip towards tradition, variously referred to as the linguistic flip, culturalism, or postmodernism. This publication examines the impression of the cultural activate popular social technological know-how disciplines, background and sociology, and proposes new instructions within the idea and perform of ancient research.
The editors supply an advent examining the origins and implications of the cultural flip and its postmodernist reviews of data. Essays by means of prime historians and old sociologists think of the makes use of of cultural theories and express either their promise and their obstacles. The afterword through Hayden White presents an evaluation of the fashion towards culturalism through one its such a lot influential proponents.
Beyond the Cultural Turn bargains clean theoretical readings of the main chronic concerns created by way of the cultural flip and provocative empirical reports targeting diversified social practices, the makes use of of narrative, and the physique and self as serious junctures the place tradition and society intersect.
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Extra resources for Beyond the Cultural Turn: New Directions in the Study of Society and Culture (Studies on the History of Society and Culture)
The mechanics of this taut ritual relies on an elevation of everyday materials and manners. The semantic fields of spirit, rigour and symbolic reversals combine to sacramentalize tea, transporting us from our everyday to the otherworldly integrations of tea. The previous account of Hakata tea pleasures presents tea as social, aesthetic and spiritual. Tea also functions in Japanese society as cultural capital and other embodied forms of knowledge. The delight of these Hakata tea moments is located at the nexus of local identity and national culture, and these tea routines are wholesome ways of structuring weekly, seasonal and annual routines.
Ruling elites tempered this rhetoric with the implied promise of vernal rebirth in the eternal edifice of the nation. Cherry blossoms, symbol of peace and war,47 advocate the inevitability of individual obliteration as nation-building. ’49 It is important to note the existence of Jien’s poem more than 600 years before provisions of the 1908 Army Criminal Code that awarded the death penalty to any ‘commander who allows his unit to surrender to the enemy without fighting to the last man or who concedes a strategic area to the enemy’,50 and to contrast this martial image of the national spirit with Sassa’s 1911 idealized, almost pacifist, aesthetes.
The following chapters address certain ideological subtexts of tea by positioning tea-room pleasures as being framed by various forms of power and authority. The keywords of subjectivity, transience and national identity are applied to that literary culture indexed by tea’s seasonal references. The manner in which tea practices are taught in the grand master model of cultural transmission is examined in terms of how tea invokes and sustains the idea of a distinctive Japanese national culture. Two films that depict Sen no Rikyu# are examined in terms of this lethal discourse of transience and how they comment on sixteen generations of institutionalized tea pedagogy.