By Robert Curzon
Initially published in 1854, this books is an soaking up account of Ottoman provincial existence, prior to the ultimate loss of life of the Ottoman nation. Written by way of a student, statesman, and old-fashioned imperialist, Curzon displays at the harsh uplands of Ottoman Armenia. Humourous all through, he tells us in regards to the virtues of tezek, the pitfalls of iciness commute, trout fishing at Tortoum, in addition to relatives among neighborhood Armenians, Kurds and Turks. a few of his notions in regards to the background of the quarter, even if faulty, provide us insights onto ecu perceptions at the moment. Curzon's Armenia: A 12 months in Erzeroom is an exellent creation to the geography, ethnography and politics of this turbulent region.
SPECIAL be aware: the current reproduction of Armenia: A yr in Erzeroom, and the Frontiers of Russia, Turkey, and Persia is from the 1854 ebook of this name by means of Harper & Brothers, big apple.
Read or Download Armenia: A Year in Erzeroom and on the Frontiers of Russia, Turkey, and Persia PDF
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Additional resources for Armenia: A Year in Erzeroom and on the Frontiers of Russia, Turkey, and Persia
26 The tribes were based on kinship and descent along the male lines, but loyalties were directed to specific leaders rather than to the tribe. Divided by their tribal affiliations, loyalties to kin and leaders, the rugged mountain terrain, and their various dialects, which are related to the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages, Kurds were a fragmented people, difficult to organize, unite, or conquer completely. The image of Kurds in Western literature derived from the Orientalist sensibilities of travelers.
33 Government efforts to centralize the empire met with resistance from local notables who had long run their affairs with little state interference. Urban elites looked with contempt on the backward nomadic and semi-nomadic society in the east. 34 Either visibly or disguised, power was ultimately backed by force, the potential use of violence by the stronger. In Anatolia landlords and tribal chiefs maintained retainers, often no more than hired thugs, to enforce their rule or collect their dues.
57 In a second great decree—the Hatt-i Hümayun (1856)—which was issued under European pressure, equality went further: Muslims and non-Muslims were declared fully equal under the law. All subjects of the sultan would be treated more or less the same, as Ottomans. Since this second law was a significant break with Islamic traditions of inequality between the faithful and the unfaithful, it was met by fierce opposition, particularly outside the capital. 58 Not all non-Muslims greeted the law enthusiastically.