Download Anzac Sari Bair by Stephen Chambers PDF

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By Stephen Chambers

The August Offensive used to be born out of the disasters of the Gallipoli landings and the next battles of overdue spring and early summer season 1915. normal Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Expeditionary strength, selected to play all his last playing cards during this bold and inventive gamble that he was hoping might ultimately flip the tide within the allies want and convey his military up onto the heights overlooking the elusive Dardanelles.

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The purpose was to aid the Navy in passing through the Dardanelles by capturing the forts and neutralising the strait’s minefields. The amphibious landings on 25 April 1915 were the beginning of Sir Ian Hamilton’s Mediterranean Expeditionary Forces’ (MEF) invasion on the Gallipoli Peninsula. Ashore, but with many casualties and little more to show than a beachhead, the following months witnessed heavy fighting, but no breakthrough. In the north, the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) were hemmed in and attempts at a breakout in May failed; equally, attempts by the Turks to force the Anzacs into the sea failed.

The artillery had blown their barbed wire away, but had not broken their trenches in, and when we reached the first trench, where we were supposed to have stopped, we found ourselves being slaughtered, and could not get into the trench, so simply had to go on. I shot a Turk here who was firing up through a hole in the ground, but not before he had done his damage. I got down in the second trench. By this time the artillery was playing a big part, but what Turks were alive had flown. We found our way through communication trenches until the third trench was reached and we got the Turks with the bayonet.

He worked on a breakout plan with his Chief of Staff, Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Skeen. Raids to gain intelligence of the ground had been conducted into the immediate area; these occurred at Gaba Tepe to the south and Suvla to the north. What was presented to the Commander in Chief, General Sir Ian Hamilton, was not revolutionary in objective but was imaginative in the series of complex stages to reach that goal. This bold and daring plan was essentially a flanking manoeuver that consisted of a major night break out to the north of Anzac and a left hook sweeping move to capture the two highest peaks of the Sari Bair range, Chunuk Bair and Kocaçimentepe (Hill 971), by dawn.

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